Washington - Bank of America agreed to pay $9.3 billion to settle claims that it sold Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac faulty mortgage bonds, helping the bank to end one of the largest legal headaches it still faced from the financial crisis.
The settlement, announced on Wednesday, includes $6.3 billion in cash and the rest in securities that Bank of America will purchase from the two housing finance entities.
The second-largest US bank by assets said it had now resolved around 88 percent of its total exposure to securities at issue in the mortgage bond litigation it has faced.
Bank of America's first-quarter profits could take a substantial hit from the deal. The bank said the settlement was expected to reduce first-quarter income by about 21 cents a share, or three-quarters of what analysts surveyed by Thomson Reuters I/B/E/S forecasted the bank to earn before the settlement was announced.
Also on Wednesday, Bank of America and its former chief executive, Kenneth Lewis, settled a lawsuit by New York's attorney general that alleged it misled investors about mounting losses at Merrill Lynch & Company, which the bank agreed to acquire at the height of the financial crisis.
Lewis, who resigned in 2009, agreed to pay $10 million and be barred for three years from serving as an officer or director of a public company. Bank of America agreed to pay $15 million and adopt corporate reforms. Both payments will cover the costs of New York's investigation, and neither Lewis nor Bank of America is admitting wrongdoing or paying damages.
Bank of America still faces a lawsuit from the US Justice Department and several other probes by the DOJ and states over mortgage-backed securities it sold during the housing boom. On Wednesday, the bank said it has had “preliminary discussions” to resolve the matters.
The new settlement with Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac resolves lawsuits filed against Bank of America, Merrill Lynch, and Countrywide, the subprime mortgage lender it bought at the height of the financial crisis.
The regulator of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, the Federal Housing Finance Agency, had accused the bank of misrepresenting the quality of loans underlying residential mortgage-backed securities purchased by the two mortgage finance companies between 2005 and 2007.
The two taxpayer-owned firms have operated under conservatorship since 2008, when they were seized by regulators after losses on subprime loans pushed them toward insolvency.
It was the 10th settlement that the FHFA has reached in litigation that began in 2011 when it filed 18 lawsuits over about $200 billion in mortgage-backed securities, an investment product at the centre of the recent global financial crisis.
Many of the settlements were reached after a series of court rulings that went against the banks.
“FHFA has acted under its statutory mandate to recover losses incurred by the companies and American taxpayers and has concluded that this resolution represents a reasonable and prudent settlement,” FHFA Director Mel Watt said in a statement.
So far, the FHFA has recovered more than $10 billion from banks by asserting similar claims over mortgage securities. Seven other banks still need to resolve similar lawsuits.
Merrill Lynch would have been the first of the banks with legal disputes still pending to face trial, with a date of June 2.
US District Judge Denise Cote has scheduled September trial dates for Goldman Sachs Group and HSBC Holdings. - Reuters