New York - US stocks bounced back on Tuesday after Pfizer's upbeat results gave investors some relief from the pain of the Dow's five-day losing streak, and the market's focus turned to the Federal Reserve's next move on stimulus.
The market's advance, which also broke the S&P 500's three-day slide, came after heavy losses tied to concerns about the withdrawal of US monetary stimulus as well as worries about emerging markets, including a slowdown in China's growth and political turmoil from Turkey to Thailand.
Last week, the S&P 500 marked its worst percentage loss since June 2012.
After the close, US stock index futures rallied on the news that Turkey's central bank had sharply raised its interest rates. S&P 500 e-mini futures shot up 20 points on volume of 1.7 million contracts.
“We had India's central bank increase rates, and now we see Turkey, both bigger moves from what anyone was anticipating. Emerging markets' central banks coming in and increasing rates in succession should assuage people's fears of an emerging market crisis,” said Brian Jacobsen, chief portfolio strategist at Wells Fargo Funds Management in Menomonee Falls, Wisconsin.
Wednesday will bring the conclusion of the Fed's two-day policy meeting, with investors anxious to hear whether the Fed will cut another $10 billion from its monthly bond-buying programme. In December, the central bank announced plans to scale back its stimulus.
Bucking Tuesday's trend, the stock of Apple dropped 8 percent to close at $506.50 - its worst slide in a year - a day after holiday iPhone sales missed expectations. Apple's slide limited the gains of the S&P 500 and the Nasdaq.
Shares of Pfizer shot up 2.6 percent to close at $30.42, boosting both the Dow and S&P 500 after the biggest US drugmaker reported a better-than-expected quarterly profit.
“Tomorrow... People are going to be much more interested in what direction the US Fed takes us,” said Bryant Evans, portfolio manager at Cozad Asset Management, in Champaign, Illinois.
The Dow Jones industrial average rose 90.68 points or 0.57 percent, to end at 15,928.56. The S&P 500 gained 10.94 points or 0.61 percent, to finish at 1,792.50. The Nasdaq Composite added 14.35 points or 0.35 percent, to close at 4,097.96.
The S&P 500 remains below its 50-day moving average, after closing below it on Friday for the first time since October 9.
The day's move was mainly a “reflex rally,” said Fred Dickson, chief market strategist at D.A. Davidson & Company in Lake Oswego, Oregon. “It just technically looked deeply oversold.”
A bright spot in the day's economic data was a report showing US consumer confidence rose in January. Consumers grew more optimistic about both business conditions and the job market, according to the Conference Board.
But orders for long-lasting US manufactured goods unexpectedly fell 4.3 percent in December, and a gauge of planned business spending on capital goods also slid, which could cast a shadow on an otherwise bright economic outlook.
Apple shares fell to their lowest since October. The tech bellwether's iPhone sales in the holiday shopping season missed lofty expectations and the company forecast weak revenue for the current quarter in its quarterly results.
After the bell, shares of audio chipmaker Cirrus Logic, an Apple supplier, fell 4.6 percent to $17.87 as it forecast fourth-quarter revenue far below Wall Street's estimates. In the regular session, Cirrus shares declined 4.5 percent to end at $18.74.
During the regular session, activist investor Carl Icahn said he bought another half-billion dollars' worth of Apple stock, his third investment in the iPhone and iPad maker in less than a week. The purchase increases his stake to more than $4 billion.
Shares of D.R. Horton surged 9.8 percent to $23 after the largest US homebuilder reported a 4 percent rise in quarterly orders.
In another snapshot of the economy, US single-family home prices in November rose slightly more than expected from the previous month, while the increase from a year ago was the biggest in almost eight years, a closely watched survey showed.
In other moves after the bell, shares of Yahoo fell 3.9 percent to $36.75 after the company's results showed revenue declined for the fourth consecutive quarter.
Shares of AT&T declined 1.7 percent to $33.12 after the company reported slower wireless subscriber growth in the latest quarter than Wall Street had estimated.
Volume was slightly below average for the month. About 6.6 billion shares changed hands on US exchanges, compared with the average of 6.9 billion so far this month, according to data from BATS Global Markets.
Advancers outnumbered decliners on the New York Stock Exchange by about 3 to 1. On the Nasdaq, two stocks rose for every one that fell. - Reuters