Johannesburg - South African grocers are trading at the lowest premium to the nation’s benchmark stocks index in three years as consumers struggle to repay debt as unemployment rises and accelerating inflation curbs profit growth.
The FTSE/JSE Africa Food & Drug Retailers Index has declined 18 percent this year through August 23 to trade at 22 times earnings.
The 166-member FTSE/JSE Africa All Share Index has gained 10 percent for a price-to-earnings ratio of 20.
That cut the gauge’s premium over the all-share to 12 percent on August 23, the lowest since August 24, 2010, after being valued at more than double the benchmark in June 2012.
“The consumer environment has become tougher,” Diane Laas, an equity analyst at Cape Town-based Investec Asset Management, which manages the equivalent of $105 billion, said by phone August 22.
“The earnings growth outlook for food retailers is looking slower.”
Shoprite Holdings Ltd., Africa’s largest food retailer, is battling the worst sales growth in its main South African market in two years as the continent’s biggest economy expands at the slowest pace since a 2009 recession.
Unemployment in the nation of 52 million people increased to 25.6 percent in the second quarter, the highest in two years, compared with 24.9 percent a year earlier.
Inflation breached the upper end of the central bank’s target range for the first time in 15 months in July, cutting into consumers’ disposable income.
Almost 48 percent of “credit-active” South African consumers, or 9.53 million people, had impaired debt records at the end of June, while about a quarter of 71 million credit accounts weren’t been paid for three months or more, according to the Johannesburg-based National Credit Regulator.
The stock of Cape Town-based Shoprite has decreased 20 percent this year to trade at 24 times profit.
The shares declined 0.1 percent to 163.05 rand by 10:42 a.m. in Johannesburg.
Massmart Holdings Ltd., the local unit of the world’s biggest retailer Wal-Mart Stores Inc., fell to its lowest in almost two years last week after saying first-half profit declined.
Massmart’s stock increased 0.2 percent to 155.41 rand.
Shoprite is expanding outside its home market, where sales from 153 stores in 16 African countries jumped 28 percent in the fiscal year through June, the company said August 20.
A further 20 stores are due to open by June next year and an additional 27 thereafter.
The company trades at a premium to the all-share index because of its African expansion, Jean Pierre Verster, who helps to oversee the equivalent of $800 million at 36ONE Asset Management, said by phone from Johannesburg on August 22.
Pick n Pay Stores Ltd., South Africa’s second-largest food retailer, trades at 34 times earnings, the highest on the four- member food and drug index, even after a 16 percent-slump in its stock this year, according to data compiled by Bloomberg.
The stock rose 0.3 percent to 37.50 rand.
Pick n Pay plans to cut management jobs to reduce operating costs after annual net income plunged 51 percent, the Cape Town- based company said August 7, as it lost market share to competitors, including Shoprite.
Richard Brasher, the former head of Tesco Plc’s U.K. unit, started as chief executive officer in February to lead a sales-growth revival.
“Investors are prepared to pay more for an anticipated recovery in the company’s profits,” Verster said.
Brasher, 52, said in April that he is “optimistic” the retailer can improve the underlying margins of the business.
At Massmart, sales growth slowed to 8.9 percent in the 26 weeks through June 23 from 15 percent in the six months ending December 23, the Johannesburg-based company said August 22.
The stock, which has slumped 19 percent this year, is trading at 22 times estimated profit, the highest valuation on the 11-member FTSE/JSE Africa General Retailers Index.
South Africa’s $384 billion economy is set to grow by 2 percent this year, according to the country’s central bank.
Strikes over pay increases at the mines of the world’s biggest producer of platinum and fifth-largest gold miner have shaved 0.3 percent off the nation’s economic growth this year, President Jacob Zuma said June 13.
The rand slid 17 percent this year, making it the worst performer among 24 major emerging-market currencies tracked by Bloomberg.
The currency strengthened 0.1 percent to 10.2294 rand per dollar.
“None of the macro-economic signs in South Africa point to a respite soon,” Investec’s Laas said. - Bloomberg News