Flour power

What flour is that?

Cake flour:

Easy health bread. Pictures: Chris Collingridge. Credit: INLSA

This is very fine and ideally suited for light and finely textured goods, such as rolls, buns and doughnuts, pastries, cakes, and layer cakes.

Self-raising flour:

This flour is composed of cake flour and baking powder. It is ideally suited for the production of quick-and-easy baked goods such as pancakes, muffins, soda bread, scones and rusks.

Bran-Rich Self-Raising Flour:

This flour is coarser than cake flour and contains bran and baking powder. Ideal for fibre-rich versions of quick-and-easy baked goods, such as muffins, soda breads, scones and rusks.

Brown and white bread flour:

Not as refined as cake flour, and rich in gluten. Excellent for making breads and bakes that are chewier in texture.

Digestive Bran:

Digestive bran is not a flour, but bran that has been processed. It is ideal for increasing the fibre content of baked goods, such as bread and rolls, muffins and biscuits.


Makes 1 loaf

500ml bran-enriched self-raising flour

500ml cake flour

250ml digestive bran

10ml bicarbonate of soda

5ml salt

125ml chopped pecan nuts

250ml dried cranberries

500ml buttermilk

125ml runny honey

Combine the flours, bran, bicarbonate of soda and salt in a bowl and mix. Add the nuts and cranberries.

Make a well in the centre and add the buttermilk and honey. Mix well.

Spoon mixture into a base-lined and well-greased 12x30cm loaf pan. Bake at 180°C for 50-60 minutes or until a skewer inserted into the loaf comes out clean. If the loaf starts to get too brown, cover with a piece of foil.

Remove from the oven and cool in the pan for 5 minutes before turning out.

Delicious served with lashings of butter or cheese.


Makes 1 cake

200g butter

250ml castor sugar

4 eggs

10ml grated lime rind

5ml vanilla essence

375ml self-raising flour

60ml ground almonds

30ml lime juice

50g shelled pistachio nuts, roughly chopped


5ml lime rind

125ml lime juice

60ml water

150ml castor sugar

10ml rose water

Cream the butter and castor sugar until light and fluffy. Add the eggs, one at a time, beating well after each addition. Mix in the rind and vanilla.

Add the flour, almonds and lime juice and mix to form a thick, dropping consistency.

Spoon the mixture into a base-lined and well-greased 20cm square pan. Sprinkle over the nuts. Bake at 180°C for 30-40 minutes or until a skewer inserted into the cake comes out clean.

Remove from the oven and pour over the prepared syrup. When the cake is completely cold, remove from the pan and serve.

SYRUP: Combine the lime rind, juice, water and sugar in a small pot and heat gently until the sugar has dissolved. Remove from the heat and add the rosewater.


Makes 16

750ml cake flour

25ml baking powder

80g butter

500ml grated cheddar cheese

125ml chopped fresh herbs of your choice

1 egg

180ml buttermilk

beaten egg for glazing

Sift the flour, salt and baking powder into a bowl. Rub in the butter until the mixture resembles breadcrumbs. Mix in the cheese and herbs.

Combine the egg and buttermilk and add to the dry ingredients, mixing to form a dough that is soft but not sticky.

Turn on to a lightly floured surface and knead gently. Divide the dough into two portions.

Roll each portion into a 26cm disc. Cut each disc into 8 wedges. Starting at the wide side, roll up the triangle to form a crescent shape.

Place on a baking tray. Brush with beaten egg and bake at 200°C for 20 minutes until golden brown.

Remove from the oven and serve warm with butter.


Makes 1 large loaf or 16 rolls

625ml white-bread flour

375ml bran-enriched self-raising flour

10g sachet of instant yeast

45ml sugar

10ml salt

60ml olive oil

500-600ml warm water

125ml shredded basil leaves

125ml grated Parmesan cheese

50g lightly toasted pine nuts

Combine the flour, yeast, sugar and salt and mix. Add the olive oil and enough warm water to make a dough that is soft but not sticky.

Add the basil, Parmesan and pine nuts and mix gently. Turn the dough on to a lightly floured surface and knead well. Place the dough in an oiled plastic bag and leave to rise until doubled in size.

Remove the dough from the bag and knead gently.

Shape the dough into one large loaf or some smaller rolls and place on a baking tray.

Cover with the oiled plastic bag and leave to rise until doubled in size.

Brush with beaten egg and bake at 180°C for 40-50 minutes for a large loaf or 20-30 minutes for rolls.