Wallpaper is ready for its next act. The polarizing paint alternative and longtime decorating taboo has returned to fashion thanks to ultra-stylish prints, dimensional fabrics, and new materials that make it easy to install and, yes, to remove.
Offering more drama than paint, it's a fun way to transform a room and reflect your personal style without breaking the bank. Some designers even liken it to contemporary art for the mass market.
"It's a risk," said Kati Curtis, a designer with offices in New York and Los Angeles. "But, boy, can it pay off."
What's caused the big comeback? It's easy to attribute the sales spike to style bloggers, HGTV and Instagram, but at the core of wallpaper's new popularity is a hint of rebellion.
Curtis says the renewed interest is in part a backlash to the "sterile grays-whites-neutrals" of the '90s and early aughts, and the more recent obsession with the layered rugs and clustered collectibles of the California bohemian aesthetic. Wallcoverings offer a personal touch and less stuff. "People want their homes to feel special and unique," she said. "Wallpaper is the perfect toy to do that with polish."
Paulina Berberian, a creative director at Brewster Home Fashions, a wallcovering company, credits millennial consumers with driving the trend, as they're new to the housing market and to wallpaper itself. "Young people who grew up in the clean, minimalism era have never had wallpaper," she says. It's likely they know it only as a design punchline, the busy '80s florals popular with dentists and grandmas.
"So, naturally, I think they're drawn to it because it feels new and exciting," she said. "And they're making it their own."
Indeed, today's popular papers are vastly different from the old school. The prints are dramatically oversize and fantastically whimsical, with characters that feel pulled from a storybook and patterns right from the runway. The colors are richer. The fabrics are textured and sometimes three-dimensional. And the images have a lifelike sharpness thanks to advances in digital printing.
Speaking of which, we've hardly scratched the surface when it comes to custom-printed papers. Erin Burke, who runs the contemporary home furnishings website Burke Decor, frequently receives requests to scale and print wallpapers made from personal photos that can be tiled or enlarged to mural size. "It sounds strange, but remember, wallpaper is a conversation piece," she said, adding that hotels and restaurants already do this in bar areas and bathrooms.
If there's a common thread to modern wallpaper application, it's restraint. Designers suggest using it sparingly and purposefully, in one or two rooms or perhaps a single accent wall (though fabric papers such as grass cloth should cover a whole room). For consumers, that's low-cost and low-maintenance. Says Curtis: "An artsy, adventurous print can speak for itself."
Low-maintenance is key. Installing and removing wallpaper used to be a notorious headache, so technology – including new adhesive formulas and stick-and-peel fabrics that strip off walls without leaving residue – has done wonders for its reputation. "The days of scraping and steaming are over," Berberian said. "Less mess, less stress."
Sue Wadden, director of color marketing at Sherwin-Williams, says wallpaper has never been more affordable or more convenient. Sherwin-Williams, the country's largest wallpaper distributor, is planning to release four new books of wallcoverings this year, putting its total catalogue at more than 100 000 options.
Those numbers aren't exactly comforting for folks who are already overwhelmed by all the patterns, textures, fabrics and materials to choose from. Where do you start? Here, we've offered a few guidelines for choosing, using and removing wallpaper.
Wallpaper is categorized by its material and adhesive coating. Nonwoven substrate paper is popular with renters because it dry-strips easily from the wall. Pre-pasted papers come with a water-activated adhesive backing. Both are durable, strippable and generally grease-resistant, which makes them smart choices for those with children or pets. Wallpapers are typically sold as single rolls or bolts (double rolls).
The "match" tells you how to line up the pattern from strip to strip. There are three types: straight, random and drop. Straight-match papers run the width of the paper and across the seam onto the next strip. Random-match papers continue seamlessly no matter what. Drop-match papers require extra planning and must be aligned horizontally and vertically on either side, as the pattern is slightly offset from strip to strip.
Pastes and booking
Pre-pasted wallpapers usually need to be "booked," which means wetting the paper and letting it sit, usually for about 10 minutes, while the glue activates. Unpasted papers don't come with adhesive, so you'll need to paste the wall or the back of the paper.
Repeats and waste
Repeats are the number of inches a pattern stretches vertically until it repeats itself. Generally, the lower the repeat, the lower the waste. Solids and textures, for example, have no repeat and little waste because the amount you'll need is easy to calculate.
Before you buy, you need to determine how much wallpaper you need. This gets tricky when you take windows and doors into account, so using an online calculator is recommended. Exact roll measurements vary by manufacturer.
Wallpapers are surprisingly durable, and these days, maintaining them is easy. Scrubbable papers can be cleaned with a sponge and detergent. Washable papers can be gently cleaned or wiped with a damp cloth.
Commitment-phobes should look for two types of paper: strippable and peelable. The former can be removed without water or chemicals and leave no backing. The latter peels off the wall and may leave some adhesive residue behind, which can be removed with soap and water.