What's NEW on Zando?

Shop our latest arrivals for shoes & apparel now!

Is chronic back pain all in the mind?

Comment on this story


backache library

INDEPENDENT NEWSPAPERS

Backache can be the referred result of mental stress

London - No one, it seems, is immune from back pain. It was reported recently that the Queen had to pull out of an investiture ceremony because of the problem.

She has apparently suffered from excruciating back pain for years - in 2006, she was laid up for several weeks with sciatica (pain caused by pressure on the nerve that runs from the lower back down the legs). The miserable fact is that 80 percent of us will suffer from back pain at some point, and for many it becomes a long-term problem.

Most will see their GP, then take painkillers and anti-inflammatories, and somehow get on with their lives. Some eventually get an X-ray or MRI scan that may confirm structural damage or wear and tear, and surgery may be offered as an option.

However, despite huge advances in diagnostics and surgical techniques, many people with back pain are never completely free of pain. An estimated 1.6 million Britons develop chronic back pain each year and, for around half of them, studies show the pain is disabling.

There is a wide acceptance among pain specialists that when pain drifts from an acute, short-term problem into a chronic one, psychological factors come into play - often making the pain much worse.

In fact, under guidelines from the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE), physiotherapists treating long-term back pain are meant to incorporate some of the principles of cognitive behavioural therapy into their treatment plan, educating patients about the role the mind can play in exacerbating their problem - for instance, using relaxation and breathing exercises.

But a new book by Nick Sinfield, a physiotherapist, goes one step further. Sinfield argues that while our attitudes certainly make pain worse, when it comes to chronic pain, emotional tension is almost certainly the actual cause of the problem in the first place.

“Medical professionals are trained to see back pain in terms of injury or damage to the spine,” he says. “When they treat a back-pain patient, they immediately start looking for explanations that fit a diagnosis.

“They use machines designed to show them every nook and cranny of your nervous system, bone structure and musculature, so they can pinpoint the exact location of the physical abnormality that’s causing you to suffer.

“Because the pain is physical, people look for a cause that’s physical. Unfortunately, this ignores the most common reason for back pain.”

This, he says, is stress and tension, which can come from a number of areas in our lives - from family conflicts to stress at work, or even unrealistically high expectations of ourselves.

“This emotional stress expresses itself in painful physical tension - most commonly in the soft tissues in the neck, the top of the shoulders and shoulder blade, the lower back and the outside of the buttocks,” Sinfield explains.

“I am convinced that failure to address the mental and emotional factors associated with chronic back pain is one reason why treatments based on physical assessment alone have repeatedly failed to provide a permanent cure.”

This is also, he says, why X-rays and MRI scans seldom correlate to patients’ symptoms.

But what about the scan that showed you had a worn-out disc, you ask?

Sinfield is quite firm about this: “Most of us have structural abnormalities in our backs, but those structural abnormalities don’t necessarily cause back pain. Almost all spinal abnormalities are harmless.

“Take ruptured or herniated discs. Our discs often wear out by the time we are 20. It’s a perfectly normal and harmless part of the ageing process, and an inevitable effect of gravity.

“But ask any doctor whether abnormalities in the structure in the back cause pain, and they will say: ‘Yes.’ Yet when you ask why the incidence of back pain has increased rapidly over the past 30 years, they don’t have an answer.

“The reality is these physical abnormalities were prevalent long before MRIs and other diagnostic tools were invented. What has changed is the number of patients being diagnosed.”

The problem, argues Sinfield, is that treating “perfectly normal, degenerative changes in our spine as abnormal and painful conditions” makes us anxious and fearful.

In turn, we treat our backs as fragile, delicate structures prone to damage and “require endless instructions on how to sit, stand, bend, work and lift”.

“People also often misdiagnose themselves, or accept a mistaken diagnosis that attributes their back pain to an injury that occurred long ago that suddenly flares up again,” he adds.

As a result of all this, we become anxious about our backs, says Sinfield. And that anxiety is creating what he calls Tension Related Pain (TRP). This is where a slow accumulation of anxiety and stress over many months, even years, can cause the arrangement of muscles, nerves, tendons and ligaments to tighten and change - restricting blood and oxygen supply.

“Muscles deprived of oxygen can build up deposits of lactic acid, triggering pain, spasm, tingling or numbness,” he says, adding that this pain can easily be confused with the pain that caused the back problem in the first place.

All this prevents patients from recognising that pain is harmless muscle tension which, he says, can be dissipated through exercise (to stretch and build muscle, boosting blood and oxygen flow), relaxation and knowledge. Knowledge means learning to stop worrying about your pain, and thinking about the impact of emotions on your health.

Unfortunately, he says, “as a result of the powerful and widespread misconception that backs are inherently fragile, most people will reject a diagnosis of TRP. They refuse to believe their pain is not only from a physical cause and they fear a TRP diagnosis somehow reveals them as being emotionally weak.”

These views about the origins of back pain are controversial. But many experts agree that tension can exacerbate long-term pain, even if their explanation for why this happens differs from the one Sinfield proposes.

As Martin Knight, a consultant spine surgeon and medical director of The Spinal Foundation, says: “Increased stress increases tension in the muscles and may cause compression of the disc height or increased protrusion of the discs, which may aggravate pain.”

Other experts argue the link is with nerves, which become “oversensitive” in chronic pain. “In these cases, even the smallest trigger can cause a flare-up or exacerbate pain,” says Dr Rahul Seewal, a consultant in anaesthesia and pain medicine at London’s Chelsea & Westminster Hospital.

In these cases, a pain specialist may prescribe anti-neuropathic drugs - such as gabapentin or amitriptyline - to reduce sensitivity of the nervous system, and some patients may be referred to a psychiatrist to teach them relaxation techniques, such as an increasingly popular form of meditation called “mindfulness”.

But while they might not accept Sinfield’s argument about the emotional roots of pain, experts do accept modern scanning techniques have their failings.

“Pain is very subjective,” says Dr Seewal. “And we do take the patients’ word and absolutely believe the extent to which they are suffering, but scans often show degrees of damage that do not necessarily correlate to the extent of their symptoms at all.”

Scans can have a negative psychological impact on a chronic pain patient, says Philip Conaghan, professor of musculo-skeletal medicine at the University of Leeds and spokesman for Arthritis Research UK.

“We know if you scan and X-ray perfectly healthy people you will see abnormalities,” he says. “Most of us have some degree of wear and tear, and bulging discs, but no pain symptoms.”

However, he says it would be wrong to say pain comes from the psychological impact alone. “Even the smallest changes in spinal pathology can make very big differences in some people’s pain,” he says.

STEPS TO BEAT YOUR ACHY BACK

Nick Sinfield believes anxiety and fear not only lie at the root of chronic back pain, but also impede our recovery from it. For this reason, it’s important to think about pain not just as a physical problem.

Here are his practical steps for beating the problem:

Do you feel anxious?

Ask yourself if your pain makes you anxious. Do you avoid certain activities, positions or exercises in case they hurt?

If you associate certain activities, such as sport, with pain, you can create ‘pain patterns’ that can bring on pain through anxiety and stress.

Are you a perfectionist or competitive? This could mean you put more pressure on yourself and hold more tension in your body.

Every time you feel a twinge of pain, ask yourself whether it might have an emotional root. Try not to worry, and try to ignore the pain.

Try to adopt a positive, hopeful attitude. Feel confident about moving naturally and freely. Get up, move around and be active. This will stimulate blood flow and oxygen to areas of pain.

Muscle sense

Tackle muscle imbalance, which is one of the major causes of back pain. The less we stretch a muscle, the more contracted that muscle becomes (remember the last time you could touch your toes?).

Meanwhile, other muscles overstretch to compensate and become vulnerable to tearing and damage. Our sedentary lifestyle leads to poor posture and muscle imbalance.

As does favouring your right or left side. If you must lead a sedentary lifestyle, sit with a square, straight-on posture, elbows by your sides, neck long and shoulder blades drawn into your spine. Get up once an hour to walk around, and do stretches.

If you always wear a handbag on one side, switch sides frequently - or, even better, use a rucksack.

Don’t slump

Develop postural awareness. Check your posture while sitting and standing in front of a mirror (or ask a friend to check you) and correct any muscle imbalances.

If you tend to slump in your chair, this generally means your lower back is overstretched. As a result, your muscles and joints compensate, causing imbalances throughout the spine and your shoulders to collapse inward, creating tension and pain.

Imagine there is a string attached to the crown of your head and it’s being pulled up tautly. If you sit with your legs crossed to a particular side, it can cause your lower back to curve sideways. So switch sides.

Get stretching

Start regular daily gentle stretching exercises (if you are concerned about this, consult your GP first).

For your lower back, lie on your back on the floor with your knees bent. Slowly bend one knee to your chest, grasping it behind the knee. Hold for 20 to 30 seconds, and repeat three times, alternating legs.

When this is easy, progress to straightening the lifted leg, bringing the foot towards you. Finish by stretching your arms out to the sides, keeping your knees bent and together. Let your legs to roll to one side, hold and return. Repeat eight to ten times, changing sides. Only stretch as far as is comfortable.

Try Pilates

Consider taking Pilates classes - although tell the instructor about your back problems. - Daily Mail

* Now I Can Bend My Back! The Essential Self-help Guide To Back And Neck Pain by Nick Sinfield

Get our free Lifestyle newsletter - subscribe here...


sign up
 
 

Comment Guidelines



  1. Please read our comment guidelines.
  2. Login and register, if you haven’ t already.
  3. Write your comment in the block below and click (Post As)
  4. Has a comment offended you? Hover your mouse over the comment and wait until a small triangle appears on the right-hand side. Click triangle () and select "Flag as inappropriate". Our moderators will take action if need be.

     

Sugababe
I'm a 41 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 32 and 42.
View Profile
Sosialemeis2
I'm a 28 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 35 and 46.
View Profile
Blondie953
I'm a 38 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 35 and 45.
View Profile
MademoiselleMyGirl
I'm a 30 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 30 and 40.
View Profile
honkytonkwoman
I'm a 58 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 55 and 64.
View Profile
Rarefind
I'm a 54 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 52 and 63.
View Profile
bluemon
I'm a 30 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 30 and 45.
View Profile
Gem31
I'm a 24 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 25 and 35.
View Profile
ASJ
I'm a 41 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 40 and 50.
View Profile
SouthernLove
I'm a 23 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 26 and 35.
View Profile
Jade_242
I'm a 46 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 45 and 55.
View Profile
iamclassy
I'm a 43 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 50 and 65.
View Profile
Veronica2477
I'm a 38 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 40 and 50.
View Profile
sportliefhebber
I'm a 25 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 25 and 31.
View Profile
Duifie038
I'm a 45 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 36 and 50.
View Profile
Belind4_M
I'm a 19 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 19 and 30.
View Profile
MustLoveDogz
I'm a 33 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 33 and 43.
View Profile
pesin15
I'm a 38 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 18 and 100.
View Profile
Lemoenbloeisel
I'm a 35 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 30 and 45.
View Profile
Lvit2C
I'm a 29 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 27 and 39.
View Profile
devotedlady
I'm a 43 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 43 and 55.
View Profile
Katryn777
I'm a 34 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 34 and 40.
View Profile
voelkos
I'm a 54 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 45 and 56.
View Profile
KayBee75
I'm a 39 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 35 and 49.
View Profile
sunshinebright
I'm a 55 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 45 and 60.
View Profile
xine_414
I'm a 28 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 25 and 35.
View Profile
Comet43
I'm a 43 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 40 and 54.
View Profile
Athena
I'm a 37 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 37 and 45.
View Profile
limegreen48
I'm a 48 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 45 and 55.
View Profile
AGX
I'm a 36 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 35 and 44.
View Profile
snowbird7
I'm a 33 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 31 and 39.
View Profile
Stella143
I'm a 35 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 34 and 45.
View Profile
Maybeperhaps
I'm a 40 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 33 and 44.
View Profile
LilaBlom
I'm a 23 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 23 and 33.
View Profile
findmemyman
I'm a 48 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 35 and 50.
View Profile
supe24
I'm a 34 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 35 and 65.
View Profile
itu22
I'm a 22 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 25 and 37.
View Profile
PhoenixLin
I'm a 32 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 25 and 42.
View Profile
KarooBoereMeisie
I'm a 34 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 30 and 40.
View Profile
BMull08
I'm a 19 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 19 and 30.
View Profile
RiaStar
I'm a 35 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 32 and 40.
View Profile
Livs_89
I'm a 25 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 30 and 38.
View Profile
thrillsandfrills
I'm a 40 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 41 and 45.
View Profile
Pretty_Nerd
I'm a 28 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 28 and 38.
View Profile
khosyx
I'm a 20 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 21 and 30.
View Profile
love_passionately
I'm a 43 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 45 and 55.
View Profile
molletdelvalles
I'm a 39 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 35 and 55.
View Profile
nads42
I'm a 42 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 38 and 58.
View Profile
kel3
I'm a 31 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 31 and 38.
View Profile
CLC_91
I'm a 23 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 25 and 35.
View Profile
Stiletto1
I'm a 53 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 50 and 57.
View Profile
butterflykisses14
I'm a 30 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 31 and 51.
View Profile
AncientOne
I'm a 50 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 45 and 60.
View Profile
ioio
I'm a 37 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 35 and 45.
View Profile
ThisIsTheRemix
I'm a 33 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 31 and 41.
View Profile
Dee35_vtd
I'm a 36 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 30 and 45.
View Profile
Jimmyhgirl
I'm a 37 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 37 and 55.
View Profile
Gem24
I'm a 24 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 25 and 40.
View Profile
ShannaAK
I'm a 20 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 20 and 27.
View Profile
Starlight_001
I'm a 35 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 35 and 45.
View Profile
PearlyGem
I'm a 55 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 50 and 60.
View Profile
Gypsey4Life
I'm a 51 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 50 and 62.
View Profile
TenderMoments
I'm a 48 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 45 and 55.
View Profile
MistressofBrand
I'm a 34 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 34 and 44.
View Profile
LuckyCharm_440
I'm a 29 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 29 and 40.
View Profile
Ninks
I'm a 36 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 36 and 42.
View Profile
_Alwayssmiling
I'm a 30 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 30 and 41.
View Profile
Cymbidium
I'm a 47 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 47 and 60.
View Profile
dreamsoftly
I'm a 49 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 47 and 58.
View Profile
Kosmos075
I'm a 39 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 35 and 55.
View Profile
Lulu_101
I'm a 36 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 38 and 45.
View Profile
Lisa_Jayne
I'm a 27 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 23 and 35.
View Profile
This_is_m3
I'm a 45 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 45 and 50.
View Profile
CC82
I'm a 32 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 30 and 45.
View Profile
Mysong
I'm a 48 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 50 and 55.
View Profile
MrsRobinson
I'm a 37 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 36 and 45.
View Profile
Dreamer1987
I'm a 27 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 25 and 35.
View Profile
GirlInterruptedNow
I'm a 41 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 38 and 45.
View Profile
Cat007
I'm a 46 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 45 and 55.
View Profile
angelface93
I'm a 21 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 21 and 29.
View Profile
Roxyxxx
I'm a 43 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 43 and 50.
View Profile
Venus_001
I'm a 35 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 34 and 45.
View Profile
Abs
I'm a 36 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 36 and 40.
View Profile
lookingsexy200
I'm a 36 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 34 and 45.
View Profile
naty677
I'm a 28 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 39 and 62.
View Profile
Vinnette
I'm a 52 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 45 and 55.
View Profile
AmaJ
I'm a 44 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 42 and 50.
View Profile
naweeklyfi
I'm a 22 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 23 and 29.
View Profile
bon1bon
I'm a 35 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 29 and 40.
View Profile
twinkle87
I'm a 27 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 28 and 45.
View Profile
Bluebell531
I'm a 46 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 40 and 60.
View Profile
HeiN_018
I'm a 38 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 35 and 45.
View Profile
soutenpepper
I'm a 25 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 25 and 37.
View Profile
OneWay
I'm a 39 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 35 and 47.
View Profile
blondgirl
I'm a 57 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 53 and 60.
View Profile
NY25
I'm a 25 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 25 and 30.
View Profile
DaffodilTulip
I'm a 48 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 40 and 50.
View Profile
Sunshine_again
I'm a 46 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 43 and 58.
View Profile
Wonderer_0202
I'm a 42 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 40 and 52.
View Profile
Foreverinhope
I'm a 48 year old woman looking to meet men between the ages of 45 and 56.
View Profile
anandr
I'm a 57 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 38 and 65.
View Profile
RVCZ
I'm a 24 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 18 and 24.
View Profile
Pete_1
I'm a 70 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 55 and 65.
View Profile
chester3
I'm a 54 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 49 and 76.
View Profile
PaulA79
I'm a 35 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 25 and 40.
View Profile
polar1970
I'm a 44 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 25 and 45.
View Profile
B_B_B
I'm a 43 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 18 and 45.
View Profile
Rumrun
I'm a 56 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 44 and 56.
View Profile
Rebelinbluejeans
I'm a 62 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 40 and 62.
View Profile
Jurgy62
I'm a 52 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 37 and 55.
View Profile
TheRisingSun
I'm a 41 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 25 and 40.
View Profile
Determined_69
I'm a 45 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 35 and 47.
View Profile
MysticKitesurfer
I'm a 43 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 27 and 36.
View Profile
Moonrakker
I'm a 64 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 50 and 64.
View Profile
Indivia
I'm a 23 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 18 and 25.
View Profile
Lifechanger_7
I'm a 25 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 18 and 30.
View Profile
LiveLifeAlways
I'm a 43 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 33 and 41.
View Profile
Brad88
I'm a 52 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 45 and 60.
View Profile
Boereman
I'm a 52 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 40 and 52.
View Profile
WanderingShadow
I'm a 39 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 20 and 40.
View Profile
JustJve99
I'm a 47 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 40 and 45.
View Profile
Ben_57
I'm a 57 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 42 and 55.
View Profile
longingforu
I'm a 35 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 18 and 38.
View Profile
Marley77
I'm a 37 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 28 and 35.
View Profile
OohCharles
I'm a 53 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 25 and 45.
View Profile
Liefasb
I'm a 63 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 50 and 60.
View Profile
Pottie16
I'm a 44 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 35 and 45.
View Profile
thearchitect1
I'm a 46 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 36 and 70.
View Profile
Teddiebeerpa
I'm a 54 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 40 and 50.
View Profile
IceDad66
I'm a 48 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 35 and 45.
View Profile
letslook
I'm a 46 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 25 and 45.
View Profile
DeeeXx
I'm a 31 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 21 and 32.
View Profile
Kent123
I'm a 54 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 45 and 60.
View Profile
Duk_880
I'm a 39 year old man looking to meet men between the ages of 20 and 50.
View Profile
Breukes
I'm a 35 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 26 and 35.
View Profile
philip_unplugged514
I'm a 62 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 50 and 68.
View Profile
waitingforgodot
I'm a 68 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 53 and 60.
View Profile
Parmos1
I'm a 64 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 55 and 63.
View Profile
Geard1977
I'm a 37 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 26 and 40.
View Profile
saks001
I'm a 61 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 49 and 60.
View Profile
koolstoof55
I'm a 59 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 45 and 63.
View Profile
Espavo
I'm a 50 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 30 and 48.
View Profile
Stressfree
I'm a 58 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 42 and 52.
View Profile
matiekat
I'm a 66 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 18 and 100.
View Profile
Fairtalk101
I'm a 46 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 25 and 37.
View Profile
BobTheExtremeBuilder
I'm a 47 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 25 and 47.
View Profile
ekke_706
I'm a 50 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 40 and 55.
View Profile
M0J0
I'm a 34 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 23 and 35.
View Profile
fordby
I'm a 45 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 30 and 46.
View Profile
TheDuke_99
I'm a 36 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 28 and 42.
View Profile
FeaturedProfile
I'm a 54 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 40 and 54.
View Profile
cloudhopper
I'm a 56 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 45 and 55.
View Profile
Kawa1000
I'm a 49 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 40 and 50.
View Profile
heartroll
I'm a 54 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 49 and 60.
View Profile
kannieworrynie
I'm a 56 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 45 and 55.
View Profile
JustCallMeBwana
I'm a 47 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 28 and 38.
View Profile
TheRealPeterPan
I'm a 35 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 28 and 35.
View Profile
thesaltofthesea
I'm a 45 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 25 and 50.
View Profile
Thebestone1
I'm a 57 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 35 and 48.
View Profile
WagOngeduldig
I'm a 41 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 30 and 45.
View Profile
bellagio
I'm a 69 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 55 and 65.
View Profile
Summerstorm_007
I'm a 60 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 48 and 58.
View Profile
Cruisingoldie
I'm a 46 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 30 and 50.
View Profile
Dreamzzz
I'm a 48 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 35 and 45.
View Profile
gentlebutcrazy
I'm a 58 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 35 and 55.
View Profile
MLACOME0147
I'm a 55 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 49 and 79.
View Profile
Virion
I'm a 30 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 25 and 33.
View Profile
derrick_654
I'm a 56 year old man looking to meet men between the ages of 30 and 50.
View Profile
PerfectGentleman_700
I'm a 36 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 25 and 39.
View Profile
Woody777
I'm a 50 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 35 and 55.
View Profile
GenuineJ
I'm a 64 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 48 and 64.
View Profile
ch_nb
I'm a 28 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 18 and 45.
View Profile
Gerrie1
I'm a 67 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 50 and 60.
View Profile
Abeachboy
I'm a 51 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 38 and 48.
View Profile
Banker009
I'm a 56 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 34 and 49.
View Profile
boersoekvrou14
I'm a 39 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 30 and 42.
View Profile
LoveFriendFirst123
I'm a 56 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 50 and 72.
View Profile
audiess
I'm a 50 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 39 and 64.
View Profile
cornrlius205
I'm a 46 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 30 and 50.
View Profile
Bushbaby210
I'm a 27 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 21 and 35.
View Profile
Newdreamz
I'm a 49 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 37 and 46.
View Profile
skyandsand
I'm a 31 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 25 and 35.
View Profile
Rich_H
I'm a 48 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 25 and 48.
View Profile
GideonVisser
I'm a 30 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 24 and 29.
View Profile
arew
I'm a 49 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 30 and 55.
View Profile
plodof
I'm a 58 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 35 and 55.
View Profile
happymaker66
I'm a 48 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 25 and 45.
View Profile
rossi46
I'm a 66 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 55 and 65.
View Profile
Double_N
I'm a 41 year old man looking to meet men between the ages of 25 and 50.
View Profile
Gster1
I'm a 64 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 45 and 60.
View Profile
oth1982
I'm a 32 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 18 and 100.
View Profile
shadowwarrior
I'm a 59 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 41 and 55.
View Profile
tigercat
I'm a 54 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 22 and 54.
View Profile
Eugene053
I'm a 54 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 25 and 45.
View Profile
CapeLover
I'm a 49 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 41 and 50.
View Profile
Padriac_1974
I'm a 40 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 30 and 45.
View Profile
LEO1982
I'm a 32 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 24 and 40.
View Profile
softtail
I'm a 50 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 35 and 48.
View Profile
DJStarglance
I'm a 51 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 18 and 100.
View Profile
Mais_171
I'm a 49 year old man looking to meet women between the ages of 40 and 55.
View Profile

Business Directory