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Last week the South African Police Service (SAPS) released its annual crime statistics. The annual statistics release, which covers the period of April 2012 to March 2013, records reported criminal activities in South Africa over this 12-month period. We studied the statistics and pulled out a few of the more prominent categories of crime and looked at the most recent and historical numbers for these.
In the tables below we looked at reports of murder, sexual offences, motor vehicle and bike theft, residential robbery and carjacking. Many of these categories of crime are subsets of other categories, and many have specific definitons. Robbery at residential premises, for example, is defined as theft from a person using force or threat. Burglary, on the other hand, is a crime in which a victim is not necesarily present. In the graphs below we focus on robbery as a crime that involves a higher degree of violence than burglary.
Carjacking, theft of vehicles, murder and sexual offences are mostly self-explanatory, though it is worth noting that these are reported incidents of these crimes. Some offences, such as sexual ones, may not be as highly reported as others for a range of reasons.
Also in the tables below we have focused on total reported incidents of each crime as well as on the ratio of reported crimes to population in the respective provinces. Each ratio reflects the number of reported incidents per 100,000 people living in each province, which provides a better sense of crimes relative to the density of the population.