Police interventions to curb violent striking Marikana mineworkers in August 2012 failed, the Farlam Commission of Inquiry heard.
Stringent process will have to be followed at the Marikana Commission when Mr X testifies, retired judge Ian Farlam ruled.
A police witness, dubbed Mr X, will testify in camera, from a remote undisclosed location to the Marikana Commission of Inquiry.
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Photos and details of a protected Marikana witness will be distributed among miners, the Farlam Commission of Inquiry heard.
Mystery still surrounds the identity of a police officer who ordered the firing of tear gas at Marikana that led to a fatal clash on August 13, 2012.
The wife of Warrant Officer Sello Leepaku, who was killed during at Marikana, and critically wounded Lieutenant Shitumo Solomon Baloyi await justice, an inquiry heard.
Senior police officers should have led from the front when the SAPS moved to confront striking miners at Marikana, the Farlam Commission of Inquiry heard.
Similarities are evident between the way police shot citizens at Sharpeville and the shooting of Marikana miners.
Lt-Col Salmon Vermaak claims he was confronted by national police chief Riah Phiyega with a set of false allegations as he prepared to testify before the Farlam Commission.
Police commanders at the Marikana labour unrest were not experienced in crowd management, North West police air wing commander Lt-Col Salmon Vermaak said.
Police have declined to comment on testimony that a police air wing commander was asked to take the blame for 34 deaths.
The police wanted NW air wing commander Salmon Vermaak to take the blame for the Marikana massacre, the Farlam Commission heard.
Police officers assigned to manage the labour unrest at Marikana lacked critical experience, the Farlam Commission heard.
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