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Baghdad - Car bombs tore through mainly Shi'a Baghdad districts on Sunday after Iraq's fugitive Vice-President Tareq al-Hashemi was sentenced to death, as more than 100 people were killed across the country in one of the bloodiest days this year.
Hashemi's sentencing in absentia and the violence threatened to further stoke sectarian tensions in Iraq where a Shi'a-led government is battling political deadlock and a Sunni Islamist insurgency nine months after US troops left.
A senior Sunni politician, Hashemi fled Iraq after the authorities issued a warrant for his arrest in December, a move that threatened to collapse a fragile power-sharing deal among Shi'a, Sunni and Kurdish blocs.
After Sunday's court ruling, bombs tore through six mainly Shi'a neighbourhoods around Baghdad, one going off outside a restaurant and another in a busy commercial district, following earlier bombs that had hit other cities nationwide.
“I heard women screaming, I saw people running in all directions, chairs scattered in the street. My windows were blown out, my mother and two kids were injured too,” said Alla Majid, still shaking after a blast in Baghdad's Sadr City.
Hashemi, who is unlikely to return to Iraq from Turkey, had accused Shi'a Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki of orchestrating a crackdown on Sunni opponents and had refused to appear in a court he dismissed as biased.
He and his son-in-law were both found guilty in absentia of murdering a female lawyer and security official, Abdul-Sattar al-Birqdar, a judiciary spokesperson said.
“This is a political decision. All our respect to the Iraqi judicial system, but this was political,” said lawmaker Jaber al-Jaberi, a member of Hashemi's Sunni-backed Iraqiya party.
Hours before the sentencing was announced, a wave of bombings and shootings had already killed at least 58 people and a car bomb had exploded outside a French consular office in Nassiriya in southern Iraq.
Since the last US troops left, Maliki's Shi'a-led government has been politically deadlocked and insurgents have continued to strike, hoping to ignite the kind of sectarian tensions that drove Iraq close to civil war in 2006-2007.
The most serious of the earlier attacks happened near the city of Amara, 300km south of the capital, when two car bombs exploded outside a Shi'a shrine and a market place, killing at least 16 people, officials said.
With its main hospital overflowing with the injured, mosques in Amara used prayer loudspeakers to call for blood donations.
More were killed in bombings in the towns of Kirkuk, Baquba, Samarra, Basra and Tuz Khurmato, and there was also a strike on an army base and a bombing of security guard recruits for the Iraqi North Oil Company.
The car bomb outside the building housing the French consular office in Nassiriya, 300km south of Baghdad, killed a police guard and wounded four, authorities said. The consul, an Iraqi citizen, was not at the office.
After the fall of Sunni dictator Saddam Hussein and the rise to power of Iraq's Shi'a majority, many Iraqi Sunnis feel they have been sidelined.
Sunni politicians say Maliki is failing to live up to agreements to share power among the parties, a charge his backers dismiss, pointing to Sunnis in key posts.
When the Hashemi charges were announced at the end of last year, his Iraqiya party called for a boycott of parliament and the Cabinet. But the party has since splintered further.
Heightened political tension is often accompanied by a surge in violence as Sunni Islamist insurgents try to capitalise on instability to strike at the government, local security forces and Shi'a religious targets.
Violence in Iraq has eased since the dark days of sectarian slaughter after the 2003 invasion to topple Saddam. But insurgents are still carrying out at least one major coordinated attack a month.
Infighting in the religiously mixed government, and a resurgence of a local al-Qaeda wing, are raising fears of a return to wider violence, especially as Iraq is struggling to contain spillover from Syria's crisis over the border.
Iraq's local al-Qaeda affiliate, Islamic State of Iraq, has claimed responsibility for major attacks on security forces and Shi'a neighbourhoods. Former members of Saddam's outlawed Baathist party and other Sunni Islamist groups are also fighting the government. - Reuters