St Louis, Missouri - Family and supporters of Michael Brown on Monday celebrated the life of the black teenager slain by a white officer in Ferguson, Missouri, in a music-filled funeral service ringing with calls for peace and police reforms.
Brown's body lay in a black and gold casket at the Friendly Temple Missionary Baptist Church, topped with the St Louis Cardinals baseball cap he was wearing when he was killed on August 9.
People jammed inside the modern red-brick church and gathered outside on Dr Martin Luther King Drive in St Louis for the celebration, a markedly different scene from the violent protests that rocked the St Louis suburb of Ferguson after the police shooting of the unarmed 18-year-old Brown.
Brown's slaying has focused global attention on the state of race relations in the United States. Police and demonstrators in Ferguson clashed nightly for more than a week, with authorities coming under fire for mass arrests and the use of heavy-handed tactics and military gear.
The teenager's coffin was surrounded by photos of him as a child, graduating from school and smiling in his baseball cap.
Spirited gospel music by a choir and horn players filled the sanctuary, and mourners clapped their hands and danced in the aisles. Readings from the Bible were met with whoops and cheers.
“It was real spiritual,” said Mike Montgomery, a black city employee who said he took the day off from work to attend.
“I usually hear more mourning at a funeral,” said Montgomery, 38. “I think the family wanted a celebration. That's why they had the upbeat music. “
Printed in a programme for the service were letters from his parents to their late son.
A letter by Michael Brown Senior read: “I always told you I would never let nothing happen to you and that's what hurts so much, that I couldn't protect you.”
Afterward, the funeral procession carried Brown's casket to St Peter's Cemetery, a few kilometres from Brown's home, where it was loaded onto a horse-drawn carriage.
Michael Brown Senior cried at his son's grave site and let out a scream before leaving. His mother arrived with a separate group. She laid her body across his coffin as she wept.
A grand jury has begun hearing evidence in the shooting and the US Justice Department has opened its own investigation.
In a eulogy for Brown, civil rights activist Al Sharpton demanded a fair and impartial investigation into the shooting and an end to police brutality.
“Michael Brown does not want to be remembered for riots,” Sharpton said. “He wants to be remembered as the one that made America deal with how we're going to police in the United States.”
He also called on the black community to end the kind of street violence and looting that cast Ferguson in a negative light.
“We have to be outraged for our disrespect for each other,” he said. “Some of us act like the definition of blackness is how low you can go.
“Blackness has never been about being a gangster or a thug. Blackness was no matter how low we was pushed down, we rose up anyhow,” he said.
Family and friends rose to speak as well, recalling Brown's nicknames of “Gentle Giant” and “Big Mike”.
Pastor Charles Ewing, Brown's uncle, recalled Brown once telling him: “One day the whole world will know my name.”
“Michael Brown's blood is crying from the ground, crying for vengeance, crying for justice,” Ewing said.
Outside, under the hot midday sun, the police presence was heavy but relaxed. Authorities had braced for a possible flare-up, although clashes between protesters and police have waned significantly in recent days.
The crowd repeated the now-familiar “Hands up, don't shoot” which protesters have chanted in the streets of Ferguson.
In differing accounts of Brown's shooting, police have said he struggled with Officer Darren Wilson, who shot and killed him. But some witnesses say Brown held up his hands and was surrendering when he was shot multiple times in the head and chest.
After the funeral, people came in small groups to the impromptu memorial at the site of his death, among them Tameka Bryant, 28, a marketing executive at a radio station who is on maternity leave.
“I just hope we will see justice served,” said Bryant, who said she attended Brown's funeral. “The family needs some comfort and peace. I hate to think what would happen if they don't get it. We would have chaos.” - Reuters