Caracas - Venezuela’s opposition presidential candidate Henrique Capriles on Monday vowed to end the Opec nation's shipments of subsidised oil to communist-run Cuba, slamming Acting President Nicolas Maduro as a puppet of Havana.
Capriles has berated Maduro as a weak imitation of the late Hugo Chavez, whose death two weeks ago convulsed the country and triggered the April 14 vote. The opposition also accuses the government of failing to fight crime and control inflation.
“The giveaways to other countries are going to end. Not another drop of oil will go toward financing the government of the Castros,” Capriles said, referring to Cuba's present and past leaders, Raul and Fidel Castro.
“Nicolas is the candidate of Raul Castro; I'm the candidate of the Venezuelan people,” Capriles said during a speech to university students in the oil-rich state of Zulia.
The election marks the first test of the “Chavismo” movement's ability to maintain the late leader's radical socialism after his death, and it will be crucial for regional allies that depend on Caracas for financing and cheap fuel.
A victory for Capriles, 40, would likely give global oil companies greater access to the world's largest crude reserves and offer investors more market-friendly policies after years of state-centred economics.
Maduro, a 50-year-old former bus driver seen as having the advantage in the vote, has vowed to continue Chavez's economic model that included frequent nationalisations and heavy regulation of private enterprise alongside generous social welfare programs that underpinned his popularity.
The youthful Capriles, who lost to Chavez by 11 percentage points in 2012, faces a delicate balancing act to highlight the flaws of Chavez's governance without appearing to be attacking the former president or seeking to tarnish his legacy.
He has exchanged furious barbs with Maduro since launching his candidacy and renewed his criticisms from last year's campaign over day-to-day problems such as unchecked crime, product shortages and high cost of living.
“Every day it's harder to find food, and every day food is more expensive,” Capriles said. “This model is not viable.”
He said halting cheap oil sales to Cuba would free up resources to boost public employee salaries by 40 percent to make up for inflation that is one of the region's highest.
Ties to Cuba are likely to remain a central part of the campaign. Capriles for months accused authorities of compromising the country's sovereignty by letting Chavez govern for two months from a Havana hospital.
Venezuela provides close to 100 000 barrels per day of oil to Cuba in exchange for a host of services including doctors that staff free health clinics in slums and rural areas.
Supporters say it has helped expand access to health care, while critics call it a mere subsidy to the Castro government.
Maduro's frequent visits to the island during Chavez's two-month convalescence there led opposition leaders to joke that he had picked up a Cuban accent.
The emotional outpouring of affection for Chavez following his March 5 death, along with ample use of government television broadcasts, has helped give Maduro a leg up in the race.
Millions of bereaved supporters have lined up before Chavez's remains to pay respects to a leader who was loved by many of the country's poor but reviled by adversaries who called him a fledgling dictator.
Maduro in a televised campaign meeting lashed out at Capriles, accusing him of failing to control violent crime in the state of Miranda, where he is governor.
He said he planned to stage campaign rallies from the Andean highlands to the sweltering plains where Chavez grew up.
“Three weeks before the election we can say that the people have the triumph in their hands, but we have to guarantee that triumph by working hard,” Maduro said, describing himself and top party leaders as “apostles” of Chavez.
“The battle here is between the people of Chavez, the patriotic people, and the hateful minority, the oligarchy that looted this country.”
Two recent opinion polls showed Capriles trailing Maduro.
Respected local pollster Datanalisis gave Maduro 46.4 percent versus 34.3 percent for Capriles in a survey carried out before Chavez's death.
He enraged Maduro by accusing him of repeatedly lying about the late president's two-year battle with cancer, and of then cynically using his death as a campaign tool. He later apologised to Chavez's family if his words had offended them.
Maduro last week described a plot by “far right” US elements linked to two senior former members of the George W. Bush administration to kill Capriles. Both officials denied the charges. - Reuters