In this September 2016 file photo, African refugees and migrants react aboard a partially punctured rubber boat as they wait to be assisted , during a rescue operation on the Mediterranean Sea, about 13 miles North of Sabratha, Lybia. Picture: Santi Palacios/AP
In this September 2016 file photo, African refugees and migrants react aboard a partially punctured rubber boat as they wait to be assisted , during a rescue operation on the Mediterranean Sea, about 13 miles North of Sabratha, Lybia. Picture: Santi Palacios/AP
A one-year-old girl smiles as she sits with her mother, Ibtissam, 22, at the Souda Refugee Camp in Chios island, Greece. Photo: Zohra Bensemra/Reuters
A one-year-old girl smiles as she sits with her mother, Ibtissam, 22, at the Souda Refugee Camp in Chios island, Greece. Photo: Zohra Bensemra/Reuters
A displaced Iraqi man carries a child along a street covered in debris as the battle between the Iraqi Counter Terrorism Service and Islamic State militants continues nearby, in western Mosul, Iraq. Photo: Marko Djurica/Reuters
A displaced Iraqi man carries a child along a street covered in debris as the battle between the Iraqi Counter Terrorism Service and Islamic State militants continues nearby, in western Mosul, Iraq. Photo: Marko Djurica/Reuters
Palestinian man Mohammed al-Hoor, 23, demonstrates his street workout skills in the backyard of his house in Nuseirat refugee camp, in the central Gaza Strip. Photo: Mohammed Salem/Reuters
Palestinian man Mohammed al-Hoor, 23, demonstrates his street workout skills in the backyard of his house in Nuseirat refugee camp, in the central Gaza Strip. Photo: Mohammed Salem/Reuters
Yusra Mardini (SYR) of Refugee Olympic Athletes competes. Photo: Dominic Ebenbichler/Reuters
Yusra Mardini (SYR) of Refugee Olympic Athletes competes. Photo: Dominic Ebenbichler/Reuters
Rohingya refugee children pay attention to the teacher as they attend a session in a makeshift school at Balukhali Makeshift Refugee Camp in Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh. Photo: Mohammad Ponir Hossain/Reuters
Rohingya refugee children pay attention to the teacher as they attend a session in a makeshift school at Balukhali Makeshift Refugee Camp in Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh. Photo: Mohammad Ponir Hossain/Reuters
A member of the Syrian refugee folklore troupe Abu Rustom, makes traditional juices for sell during Ramadaan at the Al-Zaatari refugee camp in Mafraq, Jordan. Photo: Muhammad Hamed/Reuters
A member of the Syrian refugee folklore troupe Abu Rustom, makes traditional juices for sell during Ramadaan at the Al-Zaatari refugee camp in Mafraq, Jordan. Photo: Muhammad Hamed/Reuters
South Sudanese refugee displaced by fighting holds a utensil as he waits for a warm meal at Imvepi settlement in Arua district, northern Uganda. Photo: James Akena/Reuters
South Sudanese refugee displaced by fighting holds a utensil as he waits for a warm meal at Imvepi settlement in Arua district, northern Uganda. Photo: James Akena/Reuters
Displaced Iraqis who just fled their homes are transported to refugee camps as Iraqi forces battle with Islamic State militants, in western Mosul, Iraq. Photo: Zohra Bensemra/Reuters
Displaced Iraqis who just fled their homes are transported to refugee camps as Iraqi forces battle with Islamic State militants, in western Mosul, Iraq. Photo: Zohra Bensemra/Reuters
The mother of Palestinian Mohammed Hattab mourns during his funeral in Jalazoun refugee camp near the West Bank city of Ramallah. Photo: Mohamad Torokman/Reuters
The mother of Palestinian Mohammed Hattab mourns during his funeral in Jalazoun refugee camp near the West Bank city of Ramallah. Photo: Mohamad Torokman/Reuters

Moscow – June 20 marks World Refugee Day, celebrated around the globe to raise awareness about the millions of refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs), who had to flee their countries due to conflicts and poverty.

The recent years have marked the most large-scale movements of people through the boundaries in almost seven decades.

According to the UNHCR, a total of 65.6 million people have been forcibly displaced around the world. 

This number includes 22.5 million refugees, comprising 17.2 million under the UNHCR mandate and 5.3 million Palestinian refugees registered by the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA).

According to the UN Children's Fund (UNICEF), the number of unaccompanied children, as well as of children, who have become refugees and migrants has increased fivefold. 

In 2015-2016, about 300,000 unaccompanied children moved to other countries to find asylum there. According to UNICEF, approximately 170,000 children sought asylum in Europe. 

At the same time, about 92 percent of boys and girls were unaccompanied, when they arrived in Italy by sea from a number of states, including Eritrea, Gambia, Nigeria, Egypt and Guinea.

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