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AMMAN/BEIRUT: The Syrian army turned its forces on Aleppo yesterday, ordering an armoured column to advance on the country’s second biggest city and pounding rebel fighters there with artillery and attack helicopters, opposition activists have said.
As hostilities intensified near the Turkish border, Turkey said it was closing its crossing posts, although the UN said refugees fleeing Syria would be allowed through.
Two top Syrian diplomats, in the UAE and Cyprus, have deserted their posts, becoming the latest officials to abandon the Damascus government, rebels say.
The 16-month revolt against President Bashar al-Assad has been transformed from an insurgency in remote provinces into a battle for control of the two main cities, Aleppo and the capital, Damascus, where fighting exploded last week.
Assad’s forces have launched massive counter-assaults in both cities. They appear to have beaten rebels back from neighbourhoods in the capital and are turning towards Aleppo, a commercial hub in the north.
Syrian forces fired artillery and rockets at the northern Damascus suburb of al-Tel yesterday in an attempt to seize it from rebels, causing panic and forcing hundreds of families to flee, residents and opposition activists say.
The 216th mechanised battalion headquartered near Tel started bombarding the town of about 100 000 people before dawn and initial reports indicated residential apartment blocks were being hit.
“Military helicopters are flying now over the town. People were awakened by the sound of explosions and are running away,” Rafe Alam, one of the activists, said by phone from a hill overlooking Tel. “Electricity and telephones have been cut off.”
Military experts believe an overstretched Syrian army is pulling back to concentrate on fighting insurgents in Aleppo and Damascus while leaving outlying areas in the hands of rebels. – Reuters