JOHANNESBURG - Zambia is
seeking bidders for a fourth mobile-network license to take on operators including
market leader MTN Group in the southern African country, Transport and
Communications Minister Brian Mushimba said.
The ministry last week gave
the go-ahead to the telecommunications regulator to start the process, he said
in a recorded response to questions on Monday. The new carrier could be in
place over the next six to 12 months and the country may even have capacity for
a fifth operator, he said. The local unit of India’s Bharti Airtel and
state-owned Zamtel make up the current trio.
Communication costs in Zambia have been “rather on the high side,”
Mushimba said from Lusaka,
the capital. “The market analysis that we have done supports the fact that we
can have a fourth licensee and possibly a fifth and still the market will be
The upcoming auction
represents a rare opportunity for international wireless carriers to expand in
sub-Saharan Africa without making an
acquisition. Slowing economic growth and falling tax revenue have limited the
need for new providers, while Ethiopia
is the only significant market that hasn’t already opened up spectrum to
private bidders. Some companies, including Airtel and Millicom International
Cellular SA, have made a partial retreat by selling off country units.
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second-biggest copper producer with a population of more than 16 million, had
12.4 million active mobile subscribers at the end of June, 10 percent more than
a year before, according to data from the finance ministry. The country had 5.9
million internet users by the end of June, a 3 percent rise from the figure at
the end of December. Almost all of these use mobile internet.
MTN Zambia had the country’s
largest market share of 48.3 percent in 2016, while Airtel Zambia had 41.4
percent, according to the finance ministry’s economic report for that year.
Zamtel had the smallest market share with 10.4 percent of mobile subscribers.
MTN, based in Johannesburg, is the
continent’s largest wireless operator by sales and customer numbers.