File photo: Cosatu's spokesperson, Patrick Craven.

Johannesburg - The government, business and labour must implement development policies to stop the loss of jobs in the economy, the Congress of SA Trade Unions (Cosatu) said on Tuesday.

The Quarterly Labour Force Survey (QLFS) released by StatsSA on Tuesday showed that the country's workforce decreased by 235 000 people between the third and fourth quarters of 2012.

Cosatu spokesman Patrick Craven said the figures made it more urgent for government, labour and business to put into action policies such as the Infrastructure Development Plan, Industrial Policy Action Plan and parts of the New Growth Path.

“Combined with this approach, we need to speed up the reforms in our education and training sectors to ensure that school-leavers are equipped to take on the jobs which should by now be coming on stream,” he said.

Craven said a possible increase in electricity tariffs would lead to more job losses and would become a disincentive to new investment.

The QLFS is a household-based sample survey conducted by Statistics SA and covers the labour market activities of people aged 15 to 64. The latest survey covers the period from October to December.

It found that in the third quarter (July to September last year), the South African labour force numbered 18.313 million, but that this dropped to 18.078m in the fourth quarter.

“This decrease was reflected in a decrease in the number of both unemployed persons (166 000) and employed persons (68 000), which saw the unemployment rate decline by 0.6 of a percentage point, from 25.5 percent to 24.9 percent in the fourth quarter.”

StatsSA said this was the first time since the inception of the QLFS that there had been a decrease in employment in the fourth quarter of a year.

The decrease in employment was “attributable to job losses experienced in the formal sector (down by 52 000) and private households (down by 8000)”.

Employment in agriculture and in the informal sector had increased by 24 000 (3.6 percent) and 8000 (0.4 percent) respectively.

The number of discouraged work-seekers increased by 87 000

between quarter three and quarter four, while other not economically active people increased by 259 000.

In the fourth quarter of 2012, there were 4.501m unemployed. During the same period, there were 15.050m people “not economically active”, a figure which included 2.257m “discouraged work-seekers”.

Of those employed over the period, 9.611m were in the formal sector; 2.205m in the informal sector; 685 000 in agriculture; and 1.076m in “private households”.

According to the survey, the fourth quarter labour force participation rate was 54.6, up from 55.5 the previous quarter.

There were 33.128m people in the country in the 15 to 64-year-old age group. - Sapa