Reserve Bank governor Lesetja Kganyago File photo
Parliament - South African Reserve Bank governor Lesetja Kganyago on Tuesday warned that the country's economic recession could deepen unless there was policy certainty on mining and agriculture, the two sectors that contributed to growth in the first quarter.

"At the moment these two sectors are facing policy uncertainty, which means we can go into an even deeper recession unless certainty is restored.

"The sooner the policy is clear the better it will be for our socio-economic well-being," Kganyago told Parliament's standing committee on finance in a briefing on the role of the bank and the outlook for the economy.

He said a mining company could not be expected to make a 30 year investment if policy changed every time a new minister was appointed in the portfolio.

"Ditto is you are a farmer and you must worry about the long-term. The same if you are a factory owner."

Kganyago noted that South Africa and Venezuela were the only large economies currently in recession in spite of an upswing in the world economy. It meant that South Africa's woes could not merely be blamed on the global economic climate but pointed to problems that were specific to the country.

"Our problems are idiosyncratic," he said.

He noted that the bank expected inflation to rise if Eskom were to seek and secure a big increase in electricity tariffs.