Johannesburg - The biggest union at the South African operations of the world’s largest platinum companies said the producers’ decision to take a pay offer to workers directly to end a 14-week strike may destabilize the industry.
“We fear that it could result in a very unstable environment because you’re dividing into two parts” should shafts be opened for miners to return, Association of Mineworkers and Construction Union President Joseph Mathunjwa told reporters in Johannesburg.
Anglo American Platinum Ltd., Impala Platinum Holdings Ltd. and Lonmin Plc ended talks April 24 and decided to put their latest pay offer directly to workers, using text messages and radio commercials. The strike by more than 70 000 AMCU members since Jan. 23 has cost the companies almost R16.4 billion in lost revenue and employees R7.3 billion in income, the platinum producers said on a joint website.
The AMCU has rejected the companies’ latest offer of R12 500 a month by 2017 including benefits, instead demanding that amount in base pay within four years. That’s double entry-level workers’ current salaries.
The AMCU will “flex its muscles” to make sure that companies don’t close shafts because of the stoppage and will call a “mass solidarity strike” if that happens, he said.
Amplats plans to switch to mechanized open-pit mining from labor-intensive underground excavation as most of its South African operations remain crippled by the strike. The company closed shafts and cut jobs last year and has said it’s considering whether to sell strike-hit mines.
Negotiations between the sides are at a standstill as companies have appealed directly to employees about accepting their offer.
No meeting has been scheduled with the union, Charmane Russell, a spokeswoman for the producers at Russell & Associates, said in an e-mailed response to questions.
Impala probably won’t “have a clear picture” of how many employees would like to take the pay offer until May 8, spokesman Johan Theron said by phone.
Lonmin has sent text messages to miners, giving them until the same date to decide on returning to work by May 14, according to spokeswoman Sue Vey.
Amplats declined to comment on detailed attendance numbers, communications initiatives, or progress made in contacting employees so as “to reduce the risk of intimidation and violence,” Mpumi Sithole, a spokeswoman for the world’s biggest platinum producer, said in an e-mailed response to questions. “Updates will be provided to the market at critical junctures.”
The government may have to intervene in the negotiations to help reach a resolution, President Jacob Zuma told reporters in Johannesburg on Monday.
The protest “has gone on for too long and is not helping the workers,” he said.
The ANC has no relation with the AMCU, making it difficult for the party to intervene from a political perspective, Enoch Godongwana, the head of the ANC’s economic policy committee, said.
The mining companies need to “draw a line and to ask the government to protect their employees,” he said.