Due to various factors, the tariff was increased at below inflation for the past two years which has impacted the current price of electricity. Photo: Reuters
Due to various factors, the tariff was increased at below inflation for the past two years which has impacted the current price of electricity. Photo: Reuters

Eskom explains its annual electricity tariff hike application

By Staff Reporter Time of article published Jan 14, 2019

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CAPE TOWN – Eskom on Monday shared the rationale for its average annual electricity increase application of 15 percent for three years under the fourth Multi-Year Price Determination (MYPD4) and Regulatory Clearing Account (RCA) balance application for 2018 made to the National Energy Regulator of South Africa (Nersa). 

This was to stakeholders attending the Cape Town leg of the public hearings undertaken by the regulator that will be held across the country over the next three weeks.

Eskom group chief executive Phakamani Hadebe opened the session by thanking Nersa and stakeholders for the opportunity to engage on the revenue application and also apologised to South Africans for events of the recent past, like governance lapses and load shedding, which he said could have been avoided.

“Eskom welcomes the opportunity to openly engage on the MYPD4 revenue application for the 2019/20 to 2021/22 financial years. I acknowledge and thank the National Energy Regulator of South Africa, NERSA, for accommodating a process that sanctions transparent and honest representation in a democratic, controlled, and professional setting, without fear or prejudice. 

"I also thank South African business, industry, and communities for reviewing Eskom’s application and engaging in this process. This is democracy at work, as stakeholders provide independent opinions on Eskom’s application and the applicability of the electricity tariff path.”

Hadebe said that Eskom understood that an increase in the tariff may be difficult at this time, especially when one considers where we are as a country, but he impressed that “not being granted a suitable increase could lead to an unsustainable financial position for Eskom, which would put the country in an even more dire economic condition. Due to various factors, the tariff was increased at below inflation for the past two years. 

"This has further impacted the level at which the price of electricity is presently. However, at its present level, it is insufficient to enable Eskom to cover the prudent and efficient costs, including the servicing of debt obligations, which – as the IMF recently commented – will result in Eskom’s debt posing the single biggest fiscal risk factor to the country,” continued Hadebe.

Eskom chief financial officer Calib Cassim gave detailed presentations on the applications, indicating that Eskom had made every effort to control its operating expenditure but it needed, in addition to the savings, more revenue through price increases and balance sheet support from the shareholder. 

“Eskom’s financial situation is unsustainable. This is illustrated by the targeted loss for the 2019 financial year resulting in over R15bn. This in itself will be a challenge due to the recent additional costs associated with trying to keep the system going. Restoring operational performance comes at a cost which must be funded and recovered through revenue requirements. 

This application is coming off a 2.2 percent (2017/18) and 5.23 percent (2018/19) price adjustment. Let us remember that debt providers, rating agencies, auditors and other stakeholders will eagerly await this crucial decision,” added Cassim.

“The RCA application of R21 541 million is motivated with facts and evidence to enable prudency assessments by Nersa. We have based it on the MYPD3 Methodology decision and reasons for decision for MYPD3 RCA 2013/14. 

"The application is driven substantially by revenue under-recovery due to lower sales as assumed in the MYPD 3 decision for FY 2018 and there are cost variances relating predominantly to primary energy costs which off-set the revenue variance related to sales and spent nuclear fuel decommissioning costs of R830 m recovered over 10 years incurred in 2013/14.”

Cassim shared that the application of 15 percent over the three years still did not fully cover Eskom’s debt commitments. 

“If we want to change and make Eskom’s balance sheet sustainable, in addition to Eskom containing its costs, we need to change its returns by prices going up and get it to what is allowed. The shortfall in tariff cannot be solved through cost reductions alone, and while others have pointed Eskom to the debt market, further indebtedness adds to the problem. In the period 2007/2008 to 2017/18 Eskom’s debt has gone up 10-fold compared to price increases that have gone up five-fold.”

Both the Department of Energy (DOE) through the Electricity Pricing Policy and Government (Government support package) indicate that Eskom should have reached a higher tariff level of just over R1/kwhr by 2018. 

This would alleviate some of the significant challenges being faced by the company. 

Hadebe reiterated the need for the 15 percent increase to allow for Eskom to be in a position to continue to provide electricity. However, he did indicate that it was not a silver bullet to restoring Eskom’s financial sustainability.

The Eskom Board assessed the ability of the group to continue as a going concern, considering a number of mitigating strategies and actions to address the risks identified. What is clear is that Eskom cannot solve financial and operational sustainability challenges that it faces alone. 

The turnaround of Eskom is a journey over time that is highly dependent on the active involvement of the shareholder, Nersa and other stakeholders including customers.


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