Germany is concerned that the US administration’s push to fix the causes of US trade deficits and to clamp down on countries that abuse trade rules could hurt its exporters.
“We live in a world where a trade war cannot be ruled out,” said Volker Treier, who heads DIHK’s foreign trade unit.
Divisions on trade are expected to cloud the G20 summit that Chancellor Angela Merkel will host in Hamburg this week, attended by Trump and President Xi Jinping of China, whose cheap steel exports the US administration wants to target.
US officials have lamented their country’s trade deficit with the EU which has nearly doubled in the past 10 years from some 28.8billion in 2006 to 49bn in 2016.
Trump has warned he will impose a border tax of 35percent on cars that German carmaker BMW plans to build at a new plant in Mexico for export to the US market.
Merkel has said she would seek a compromise with Trump on trade, but major differences remain, notably over Trump’s decision to withdraw from the landmark 2015 Paris global agreement to fight climate change.
DIHK said yesterday that a record high of 50percent of the 4000 firms operating abroad named political risks as a top threat to their business over the next 12 months in a new survey. Britain’s divorce negotiations with the EU, US trade policies and protectionism were seen as major risks.
Still, some 56percent said they expected better business over the next 12 months and more than a third said they expect the economies in their host countries to improve.
DIHK’s Treier said German companies are expected to create 200000 jobs abroad this year, including 40000 in the US. -