Lithium ore sits on a run-of-mine (ROM) pad at a Talison Lithium Ltd. facility, a joint venture between Tianqi Lithium Corp. and Albemarle Corp., in Greenbushes, Australia, on Thursday, Aug. 3, 2017. Rising Chinese demand for lithium-ion batteries needed for electric vehicles and energy storage is driving significant price gains and an asset boom in Australia, already the world's largest lithium producer. Photographer: Carla Gottgens/Bloomberg
INTERNATIONAL - Demand for a new generation of electric vehicles is breathing life into an Alpine mine that was originally excavated to feed an Austrian nuclear industry that never materialized.

The developer of the site in Wolfsberg, European Lithium Ltd., is planning to move its primary stock listing to Austria from Australia in anticipation transforming the site into the continent’s biggest producer of the light metal that powers plug-in vehicles, according to a company executive.

“The potential off-take clients are European automakers,” Stefan Mueller, a non-executive director at European Lithium, said in a telephone interview. “They know that they have to secure lithium.”

Austrian geologists originally excavated the site 270 kilometers (168 miles) south of Vienna in a failed search of uranium. The lithium deposits they found went untapped because the demand didn’t exist to mine and mill the material. That calculation’s changed more than three decades later as carmakers and consumer electronics manufacturers scramble for supply.

“Among the buyers we speak to in Europe, it’s not a question of the lithium price but whether they can even get it,” Mueller said. “The sweet spot for our project is that the Austrians have built up the whole mining structure already.”

European Lithium will complete its detailed feasibility study of the site during the first quarter of 2019 and could commence production by 2021, according to Mueller. The company expects to discover a resource size of 20 to 25 million tons but “believes deposits are going to go wider and deeper,” he said.

The development may require more than $400 million in investments, Mueller said. A decision could be made during the second half of next year.