Seoul - South Korea offered billions of dollars in stimulus spending on Thursday to shore up domestic demand after Asia's fourth-largest economy grew at its weakest in more than a year in the second quarter.
The finance ministry's plans included additional spending of 11.7 trillion won ($11.4 billion) from the fiscal and quasi-fiscal accounts, 26 trillion won of loans or other financial support and easing in mortgage borrowing restrictions.
The central bank separately unveiled a plan to create a 3 trillion won lending facility, based on which banks can lend up to 12 trillion won with low interest rates to support corporate investment in production facilities within the country.
President Park Geun-hye has called for all-out efforts to boost the economy and Finance Minister Choi Kyung-hwan promised to take massive action, which investors believe will pressure the central bank to cut interest rates as soon as next month.
“The government's will to improve the economy is quite strong and there is a social understanding right now that the economy has to be supported. I feel that the measures will work,” said Kim Jong-su, economist at Taurus Investment & Securities.
“In the past, the government would focus its strength on one policy or another, but right now it is pulling in everything from all possible points.”
The won fell 0.4 percent on the day to 1,027.8 per dollar by 03:53 SA time as traders slightly increased expectations for an interest rate cut, but bond futures eased as investors opted to take profits after recent rallies.
South Korea, which relies heavily on exports, has been dragged down by a slower-than-expected recovery in global demand, while domestic consumption has been fragile, partly as a result of the ferry sinking that hurt tourism and services.
South Korea's economy grew 0.6 percent in the April-June period over the prior quarter, data showed earlier on Thursday, the weakest since the first quarter of 2013 and slightly below market expectations for 0.7 percent growth.
RATE CUT LOOMS
The Bank of Korea data showed private consumption fell a seasonally adjusted 0.3 percent in the second quarter after edging up 0.2 percent in the January-March period.
Capital investment rose 1.3 percent after a 1.9 percent decline.
It was the worst fall in private consumption since the third quarter of 2011 and only the second quarterly loss since then.
The Sewol ferry sank on April 16, killing more than 300 people in the country's worst maritime accident in two decades.
That led to massive cancellations of tour contracts across the country, badly affecting all businesses serving tourists.
“In the domestic tourism industry, how the public-sector entities are doing is very important,” said Nickey Joo, who runs Air Tours Co.
“All public-sector travelling was cancelled immediately after the accident and that quickly stopped activity in the private sector as well.”
Private consumption generates about half of South Korea's gross domestic product but the economy still relies heavily on exporters as their performance has a strong influence on jobs and investment within the country.
The won has also emerged as an important factor for the Bank of Korea's policy as a firmer won cuts profits at exporters and lowers inflation.
The won was up 12.9 percent against the dollar by the end of June from a year earlier.
South Korea's SK Hynix, the world's second-largest memory chip maker, reported on Thursday a 2.7 percent drop in its second-quarter operating profit over a year before as the firmer won ate into profits earned on overseas sales.
Unusually low inflation also underscores the currency effects and depressed consumer demand.
Annual inflation averaged 1.4 percent for the first six months, below the lower end of the central bank's target band of 2.5 percent to 3.5 percent.
Low inflation and the government's call for policy coordination will likely lead to the Bank of Korea's interest rate cut as soon as at its August 14 meeting.
It would mark the first rate cut since May last year, when the central bank also lowered interest rates to support the government's stimulus efforts.
From a year earlier, South Korea's gross domestic product rose 3.6 percent for the June quarter, matching a median 3.6 percent gain forecast in the Reuters survey but slowing from a 3.9 percent rise in the first quarter.
The Bank of Korea downgraded its economic growth forecast for the whole of this year to 3.8 percent from the previous 4.0 percent, with many analysts seeing the projection as still too optimistic.
The economy expanded 3.0 percent in 2013. - Reuters