Some of the bigger challenges include spatial planning, housing, upgrading informal settlements and job creation.
Political analyst Sanusha Naidoo said whoever won had a difficult task ahead.
“This is a province that has made tourism work. It doesn’t have such a huge economic crisis - the challenge has more to do with people coming to the Western Cape. What we are beginning to see is the impact of spatial organisation and how that is affecting performance,” she said.
She said there was also the issue of aligning policies with national plans.