As a Moravian from Germany, I am frequently asked by friends about the origin of the church and its name. This sad occasion has prompted me to write a summary for interested readers.
The Moravian Church is the oldest Protestant church in the world. Its roots stretch back to Jan Hus, a professor (and priest) at the University in Prague (Bohemia) who condemned the oppression of the people by the pope and emperor.
He was sentenced to death and burnt at the stake in Constance (Germany) in 1415.
His followers, who called themselves the Bohemian Brethren, rejected the authority of a corrupt Catholic Church. Their persecution was severe, the price often death.