Indian Bollywood actor and director Kamal Haasan waits for a press conference about his latest movie "Vishwaroop" as part of the three-day long International Indian Film Academy (IIFA) awards Friday June 8, 2012 in Singapore. (AP Photo/Wong Maye-E)

Mumbai: The southern Indian state of Tamil Nadu has defended its ban on a new film by veteran actor Kamal Haasan (pictured) which has sparked a row over freedom of artistic expression in the country.

The spy thriller Vishwaroopam was forced out of cinemas after Muslim groups complained that they were portrayed in a negative light, leading Haasan – who directed and co-produced the film – to threaten to go into exile.

Tamil Nadu’s chief minister, Jayalalithaa Jayaram, said her government was forced to impose the 15-day ban to prevent unrest across the state, because there was “every apprehension” that protests outside cinemas would turn violent.

“When you know there’s going to be violence in a certain situation, in a certain place, it’s the duty of the government to do whatever is possible to prevent that happening,” she said in Chennai city.

She said the state did not have enough police to maintain law and order outside more the than 500 cinemas that were to show the film.

Haasan has reportedly agreed to modify his movie to appease the protesting groups.

“If the leaders of the Muslim organisations and Kamal Haasan can sit together and work out an amicable agreement, the government of Tamil Nadu will do everything possible to facilitate that,” Jayaram said.

Indian film stars have rallied around Haasan since the ban, which has already passed the country’s censorship board.

“Go stand outside the cinema hall (and) insist on seeing the film,” Bollywood megastar Salman Khan told his huge following on Twitter on Thursday.

Actor Shah Rukh Khan said it was “the most unfortunate thing to happen to a film”.

India’s Information and Broadcasting Minister, Manish Tiwari, told NDTV that each case was different, but governments “need to lean in favour of freedom of speech and expression”, even amid law and order fears.

British author Salman Rushdie also faced the wrath of Muslim groups on Wednesday, forcing him to cancel a trip to Kolkata for a promotional event for the film Midnight’s Children.

Rushdie, whose The Satanic Verses is seen as blasphemous by some Muslims, was also forced out of India’s biggest literature festival last year after apparent threats to his life. – Sapa-AFP