Tatum's titular character, also known as Remy LeBeau, is a New Orleans-based mutant with special powers, including manipulating kinetic energy, and he has a deck of cards among his weapons.
The movie's release date comes after some uncertainty about a director.
Original director Rupert Wyatt left over budgetary disagreements and his replacement Doug Liman dropped out of the production because he "never found a personal connection" to the film.
The script for the motion picture has been penned by Josh Zetumer, following previous reports of multiple script re-writes, and Tatum, Reid Carolin, Simon Kinberg, and Lauren Shuler Donner will co-produce the project.
Taylor Kitsch previously portrayed the character in the 2009 film 'X-Men Origins: Wolverine'.
'Magic Mike' actor Tatum recently admitted he can relate to his alter-ego because he has been to New Orleans on several occasions.
He said: "I love Gambit. I grew up in the South; my father's from Louisiana. We'd go to New Orleans and I heard all the dialects.
"It felt so different from the rest of America; it has its own ancient culture. So I identified with that. And he always felt the most real of the 'X-Men' to me."