Spiced lamb shanks with orange and honey - John Karsten Moran, The New York Times.

Yield: 6 to 8 servings

Total time: About 2 1/2 hours

Ingredients

For the lamb shanks

6 meaty lamb shanks (about 2.7 kg's total)

Salt and pepper

1/2 teaspoon cumin seeds

1/2 teaspoon fennel seeds

1/2 teaspoon coriander seeds

1 large onion, cut into thick slices

2 whole cloves

1 thyme sprig

1 bay leaf

For the sauce

2 tablespoons olive oil

1 large onion, diced (about 1 1/2 cups)

Salt and pepper

1 teaspoon minced garlic

Pinch saffron

Pinch cayenne

1 tablespoon tomato paste

2 tablespoons honey

Zest of 1 orange, peeled into wide strips

1/2 cup orange juice

1/2 cup white wine

1 tablespoon arrowroot or cornstarch, dissolved in 2 tablespoons cold water

For serving

2 tablespoons butter

450 g carrots, peeled and cut into 2-inch batons

450 g turnips, peeled and cut into wedges

Salt

2 tablespoons roughly chopped parsley

2 tablespoons roughly chopped mint

2 tablespoons roughly chopped dill

Handful of small basil leaves

Method

Cook the lamb shanks: Season shanks generously with salt and pepper. 

Transfer to a large pot and add cumin seed, fennel seed, coriander seed, onion, cloves, thyme and bay leaf. 

Pour in enough water to cover shanks, place pot over high heat and bring to a boil. 

Put on the lid, reduce to a simmer and cook for 1 to 1 1/2 hours, until meat is very tender when probed with the tip of a paring knife.

Remove shanks from pot and place on a baking sheet to cool. Strain the broth into a bowl, and skim off any rising fat. 

Measure 4 1/2 cups broth and set aside. 

When shanks are cool enough to handle, gently remove the bone from each with your hands, leaving the meat in one or two large pieces.

Make the sauce: In a large, heavy-bottomed pot, warm the olive oil over medium-high heat. 

Add onion, season with salt and pepper and cook, stirring, until softened and slightly browned. 

Add garlic, saffron, cayenne, tomato paste and honey and stir to incorporate.

Add orange zest, orange juice, broth and wine to the pot, and bring to a boil. 

Turn heat to a brisk simmer and return the meat to the pot. 

Simmer for 20 minutes, until broth has reduced by an inch or so. 

Taste broth and adjust seasoning. Add arrowroot mixture and cook for a minute or two, until slightly thickened.

Meanwhile, cook the vegetables and in a separate pot, melt butter over medium heat. 

Fill the pot with 1 inch of water. Add carrots and turnips, salt lightly, cover and turn heat to high. 

Cook for 10 minutes, or until probed with the tip of a paring knife.

To serve, transfer meat and sauce to a large, deep platter or serving dish. 

With a slotted spoon arrange vegetables around the meat. 

Sprinkle with parsley, mint, dill and basil.

The New York Times