File picture: FCA via Newspress.
File picture: FCA via Newspress.

CAR REPAIRS: Quotes vs estimates, and why it’s important to know the difference

By Motoring Staff Time of article published Nov 27, 2020

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JOHANNESBURG - So you have put off your car service for as long as possible and now those repairs cannot be ignored any longer.

“Repairing a car can be a costly exercise so it’s always helpful to know what you are in for before the repair work begins,” says Dewald Ranft, Chairman of the Motor Industry Workshop Association (MIWA). “Unfortunately, car owners don’t always understand the difference between an estimate and a quote which can lead to misunderstandings between a mechanic and the car owner.”

The difference between a quote and an estimate from a workshop

Ranft explains that essentially a quote is determining the exact monetary cost of selling, repairing, and servicing a vehicle, when the car has certain predefined services and repairs.

An estimate on the other hand is determining the possible cost when unknown factors are evident, probably due to a hidden or unseen environment such as the internal components of an engine and so on. Importantly, an estimate should always be followed by a quote – a final document determining the cost to the car owner.

The importance of understanding the difference

It’s important to realise that in some cases it is very difficult, or near impossible, for a mechanic to look at a vehicle and know exactly what the problem is, how much it will cost to repair, and how long the process will take.

For example, when a non-starting vehicle is towed into the workshop and the car owner needs to get the vehicle running again the first thing the workshop will do is give you a quote on the non starting problem.

“Remember the car cannot be test driven before the quote is accepted. After the car is started for the first time, only then can the technician start finding out what the problem is. For example he may find that the car has a misfire. He then finds that an ignition coil is also faulty and needs to be replaced. This fault could only be quoted on if the car was running and must be seen as an extra,” explains Ranft.

The mechanic needs time and scope to ascertain any hidden or latent defects before an official quote can be drawn up. “These ‘quote to quote’ situations generally occur where diagnosis is dependent on work being performed which the consumer may, or may not authorise. This often involves the use of diagnostic equipment and labour, for which the consumer is liable to pay, even if they do not end up accepting the final quote for the actual repairs,” he says.

While these concepts may appear simple, Ranft says misunderstandings can result in heated arguments. “Once a quotation is given, no matter what may transpire thereafter, the consumer has every right to hold the mechanic to the quoted amount. Any additional work remotely related to the repair will be accepted as being part and parcel of the quotation. It’s therefore very important that details of the quote are clear at the inception and time is taken to explain the quote in detail and make note of the ‘might happen’ scenario so that the car owner is well aware of the details,” he says.

Make sure you sign a commitment once you know what you are paying for

He believes it is essential to get all parties to sign the quote ahead of any repair work being done. “Should any additional work be required, the mechanic should contact the car owner, make a note of the time of contact and get a corroborating signature from a member of staff in the case of a telephonic conversation.”

“So car owners, don’t be afraid to ask questions regarding an estimate or quote and if you are not satisfied, don’t be afraid to look for another, more reputable workshop, such as a MIWA- accredited workshop, that is clear on the costs involved. We are all feeling the financial stress of end of year expenses. Don’t be pressured into paying before you are satisfied and remember that a second opinion is always a good idea before any repair work begins,” he concludes.

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