Hyundai's Intelligent Personal Agent voice-control technology was co-developed by Silicon Valley-based SoundHound. Picture: Hyundai

Las Vegas, Nevada - Artificial intelligence that controls your infotainment screen. A vehicle that can read your brain. Cars that can see around blind corners. These are some of the automotive tech highlights of the 2018 Consumer Electronics Show.

The show has increasingly become a way for automakers to preview their developments in car technology, from production-ready to wildly speculative. Here are three trends that could be coming to a car near you.

AI-powered infotainment systems

Both Hyundai and Mercedes-Benz are showing how they will use artificial intelligence in a vehicle's infotainment system to turn it into a personal assistant. It's technology that, for now, is confined to smartphones or smart speakers.

Hyundai's Intelligent Personal Agent is a voice-control technology that was co-developed by Silicon Valley-based SoundHound, which specialises in voice-enabled AI.

The intelligent part of such software is its ability to recognise multiple commands. For example, if you ask it, "Tell me what the weather will be like tomorrow and text the kids to remind them about soccer practice," it would recognize two separate commands in the same sentence and complete each task accordingly.

Artificial intelligence that controls your infotainment screen. A vehicle that can read your brain. Cars that can see around blind corners.

The system activates with the wake-up voice command, "Hi, Hyundai." Once queried, the AI-powered agent can help make a phone call, send text messages, search destinations, search music, check weather and manage schedules. It also allows drivers to use voice control for frequently used functions such as controlling air conditioning, sunroofs and door locks. Hyundai plans to install the Intelligent Personal Agent in new models as early as 2019.

Mercedes-Benz is also debuting a new infotainment interface for its compact vehicles that's based on artificial intelligence and what it calls an "intuitive" operating system. There are few details on the system's capabilities so far, but the system is expected to make its way to some vehicles on the lower end of Mercedes' lineup in 2018. The display itself looks like the dual widescreen setup that Mercedes-Benz has used in recent E and S-Class sedans.

Brain-to-Vehicle technology

Nissan is demonstrating that the "brain" in an autonomous vehicle doesn't always have to be a computer and that a computer can be used to make a person a better driver. The company is one of the first to conduct research into B2V technology.

To engage the system the driver puts on a wired cap; picture a much smaller, sleeker version of Doc Brown's brain wave analyser in "Back to the Future." The device measures brain wave activity, which the vehicle's autonomous systems analyse and then use to anticipate your intended actions.

Nissan says that brain-to-vehicle technology can predict driver behaviour to shorten reaction time when a driver is in control, for instance by making steering wheel turns or braking 0.2-0.5 second faster. All this will be largely imperceptible to the driver, Nissan says.

Shrinking the gap

Brain-to-vehicle technology also is being tested to detect and evaluate discomfort during driving. This could be used to match the car's driving style to the driver's own style when the vehicle is in autonomous mode.

Nuissan spokesman Nicholas Maxfield said: "There are a lot of situations where a vehicle's default action when driving autonomously would not be what the driver would actually want to do if they were in control.

"Reading brainwaves is one way to shrink that gap between vehicle action and driver expectation."

Of course, copying a human's driving style may not be ideal in all cases, he said. The last thing you'd want is an autonomous car that speeds and makes erratic lane changes. The goal is to maximise driver safety during autonomous operating without departing too much from the driver's own style.

This technology is still many years away from making it into a production vehicle, but Nissan says it shows the potential of combining human and artificial intelligence.

New Nissan B2V tech (literally) reads your mind

Cars that talk to everything

Ford is using the show to announce its recommitment to making all of its vehicles connected by 2019. In the short term, vehicle connectivity means you'll see more Ford vehicles outfitted with Wi-Fi hotspots, remote unlocking and location services.

Ford also is announcing plans to adopt what's called "cellular vehicle-to-everything" technology in the coming years. This technology will make it possible for its vehicles to communicate with smart traffic signals, other vehicles and even a petrol pump - to make wireless payments, for example.

Cellular vehicle-to-everything is a more advanced version of vehicle-to-vehicle connectivity and uses cellular networks, which are faster than Wi-Fi, to communicate with other vehicles and roadside infrastructure, such as smart traffic signals and construction zone warnings.

The technology also has the ability to communicate at short range, even when there is no cellular signal. So a vehicle would have the ability to see around blind corners and understand its environment in inclement weather. For example, it could detect icy conditions on a road and warn the driver and other connected vehicles of the hazard.

Ford believes that cellular vehicle-to-everything technology is the key to getting more automakers to commit to connected-car systems and to standardise the technology. The chips this technology uses are not only faster, but they are also less expensive than the ones employed in current V2V systems.

Senior consumer advice editor at Edmunds, Ronald Montoya, commented: "We don't expect to see many of these features, such as brain-to-vehicle technology, for several years. But smarter infotainment systems and more widespread availability of connected vehicles are just around the corner."