Frankfurt - Chinese carmaker Geely has built up an almost 10 percent stake in Daimler in a $9 billion (R103bn) bet by its chairman that he can access the Mercedes-Benz owner's technology in the growing battle for the future of automotives.
The purchase by Li Shufu, Geely's founder and main owner, means China's largest privately-owned car company - which also owns Volvo - is now the biggest shareholder in Daimler.
Geely said on Saturday that there were no plans "for the time being" to raise the stake further. Instead, it will seek to forge an alliance with Daimler, which is developing electric and self-driving vehicles, to respond to the challenge from new competitors such as Tesla, Google and Uber.
"No current car industry player is likely to win this battle against the invaders from outside without friends. To achieve and assert technological leadership, one has to adapt a new way of thinking in terms of sharing and combining strength. My investment in Daimler reflects this vision," Li said.
"Daimler is pleased to announce that with Li Shufu it could win another long-term orientated shareholder, which is convinced by Daimler’s innovation strength, strategy and future potential," the German company said in a statement.
Geely officials plan to travel to Stuttgart to meet Daimler executives early next week and also hope to meet top German government officials in Berlin, two sources familiar with the matter told Reuters.
The Chinese firm plans to use the meetings to underline that it intends to be a supportive long-term investor, they said.
Daimler had no immediate comment on any meetings. Geely and the German economy ministry declined to comment.
'Only a few carmakers will survive'
Only two or three car manufacturers will likely survive, a source familiar with Li's thinking told Reuters, prompting Geely to seek access to carmakers with a technological edge.
Daimler is also the only one of Germany's three carmakers not to be controlled by a family. V
Geely's move poses a challenge to the German carmaker, since Mercedes-Benz already has an industrial alliance to develop cars and trucks with Renault-Nissan, which owns a 3.1 percent stake in Daimler, and has announced plans to build electric cars with existing Chinese joint-venture partner BAIC Motor Corporation.
Bernstein Research analyst Max Warburton said: "It's not clear what Geely wants and how it's going to work, but we view this move as part of a broader Chinese move to gain involvement in the European automotive industry."
"China wants a payback after spending a decade gifting the European auto industry super-normal growth and profits. Now it wants more direct access to technology, brands and profits," he wrote in a note shortly after the stake was disclosed.
Geely sees potential in Daimler because it is developing high-speed connectivity for autonomous cars at a time when Li believes satellite-based internet connections could become more important, the source familiar with his thinking said.
The source said Daimler and Geely had not held concrete talks about how to structure a potential joint venture, adding: "You know we have to become a stakeholder in order to engage."
Geely was turned down
In November, Geely asked Daimler to issue new shares so it could buy a stake, as a way to access Mercedes-Benz technology for electric cars and trucks, including battery technology, to help Geely comply with a Chinese crackdown on pollution.
But the German company turned down the offer saying it did not want to dilute existing shareholders, sources at the time told Reuters.
Li changed tactics, and quietly amassed a stake of 9.69 percent worth $9 billion at Daimler's current share price.
German state secretary at the economy ministry, Matthias Machnig, said separately that EU trade ministers meeting next week in Sofia would discuss how better to protect strategically important European companies from unwanted investors.
"It is important that Europe keeps a close eye on which key European technologies foreign strategic investors are setting their sights on," he said.