China Belt and Road Initiative: ’Africa needs China to implement AfCFTA’
Johannesburg – Africa will need China’s involvement if the implementation of the African Continental Free Trade Area’s (AfCFTA) is to yield good results.
This is according to United Nations Economic Commission for Africa’s chief for energy, infrastructure Dr Robert Lisinge, who also indicated that the partnership between the two continents would unleash the infrastructural benefits of the China Belt and Road Initiative (BRI).
Lisinge was speaking at a virtual symposium on the impact of China’s BRI on AfCFTA infrastructure development during the Covid-19 pandemic.
The BRI is China’s infrastructure development strategy aimed at enhancing regional connectivity and has seen it investing in various countries and organisations around the world since the strategy was adopted in 2013.
According to Lisinge, African economies have huge infrastructural requirements, with the African Development Bank estimating these needs to be in the region of between $130 billion and $170 billion per year.
“This is a huge amount of money so China’s involvement is definitely welcome. Many associate China’s involvement in Africa’s infrastructure with practical and affordable Chinese technology. In addition, we all know that there is available capital and equipment linked to China’s involvement in Africa’s infrastructural development,” said Lisinge.
He pointed out that the high speed of infrastructural construction associated with Chinese companies and the increase of competition among those who were eyeing Africa for infrastructural investment were some of the benefits and advantages of the BRI scheme.
“This is a good thing from an African perspective because the higher the competition, the lower the cost of infrastructure development," he said.
"Finally also, an advantage of Chinese involvement in Africa’s infrastructure is that it is not associated with conditionalities. Western involvement is sometimes linked to conditionalities like reforms in government."
He acknowledged that there were, however, red flags raised around China’s BRI initiative, including that it was driven by strategic ambitions and political force, and not economically rational and market forces.
“Presently, with the Covid-19, we all know that African countries are going through serious liquidity crises and many find it difficult to pay their debts, including to China, so this is another critic that is coming up very strongly."
Lisinge highlighted that African countries would be stronger as a bargaining group, as partners would not want Africa with stronger bargaining power and would prefer to make bilateral agreements with individual states and that despite the scepticism, African countries need China.
“If you want to reap the full benefits of the AfCTA, you need regional infrastructure development and if you want to close the gap in infrastructure development in Africa, you need to bring in all the partners including China through the BRI,” he said.
Lisinge also used the platform to point out that China’s involvement in Africa’s regional infrastructure was not new as it dated back in the 1970s.
“Recently in 2007, they completed the Nairobi to Mombasa railway. In 2018, the Addis Ababa to Djibouti was completed as well, so China’s involvement in Africa's regional infrastructure projects is not new,” he said.