The fight over the overall wealth and the geo-strategic location of South Africa and the SADC region would follow. This would include the widening of the gap between the haves and the have-nots through structured poverty of the majority of the population.
Historically, the stakes have always been high in South Africa and the region. The interests and their strategies to retain and develop the wealth, the power and control over both, remain the same.
Former non-executive director of the South African Reserve Bank, Stephen Goodson, wrote in his research on colonial apartheid South Africa’s prime minister, Hendrik Verwoerd: “In 1960 Harry Oppenheimer (father of Nicky Oppenheimer and grandfather of Jonathan Oppenheimer) realised attempts to defeat the National Party at the polls were pointless and he therefore adopted a different approach by setting up the South Africa Foundation in place of the United Trust Fund. It was established by Oppenheimer with 10 of his business friends and later leading Afrikaners in business and academia, such as WB Coetzer (General Mining), MS Louw (Santam), JanS Marais (Trust Bank), Anthony Rupert (Rembrandt Tobacco), HB Tom (University of Stellenbosch and HJ van Eck (Industrial Development Corporation) were recruited.”
Goodson writes further on the open hostility between Verwoerd, the father of apartheid, and Oppenheimer: “In January, 1957 while still a United Party (UP) member of parliament, he (Oppenheimer) gave a speech at Oxford University, which indicated that his thinking was little different from that of the (colonial apartheid) National Party when he said that 'Our growing industrial needs must make full use of Bantu labour, and we must not worry over much about the consequences, because the Native is on the whole so uncivilised that the white man will remain on top for as long as we can see at the moment'.
“Furthermore, in a speech he gave at Kitwe on the Copperbelt in northern Rhodesia (Zambia today) in 1961, Mr (Harry) Oppenheimer said that, what the Congo (DRC) does show is that primitive, uncivilised people cannot be trusted with the running of a modern state and that independent democracy is the only possibility if the electorate has reasonable standards of education and civilisation.” Back to 1994, the ANC's leadership in exile and at home in South Africa showed good faith during the Codesa negotiations with the white National Party and its global Western backers.
The ANC brought in new structures and included the civil servants of the old regime and the Bantustans to bring about a united South Africa. In fact, the ANC showed itself to have a good relationship with the civil servants of the Bantustans. It led to senior position holders retaining their top positions in a new South Africa. Inkatha members were invited to join the new cabinet.
The Bantustan armies and the apartheid defence force were integrated into the new South African National Defence Force. To date, these working structures remain well integrated.
In its preparation to lead and govern a democratic South Africa the “broad church” of the ANC still seems to accommodate all and sundry.
Recently, the ANC government joined Brics. The owners of the hostile economy would not accept such. It seems that since then the dogs have been let off the leashes inside and outside the tried and tested movement. Despite a huge arsenal of political weapons used to destroy the ANC from public platforms, it has not lost its aims and objectives.
There are a sincere few who seem to be the good glue within the movement, that still keep it together.
But the ANC of 1990 is not the ANC of today. Neo-liberalism, and rampant capitalism has transformed the historic movement.
The majority on the ground have kept their heart with the ANC, despite the opposition plagiarising images of Nelson Mandela, copying the songs, the dance and the clenched-fist salute of the ANC and its military veterans. This is obviously done to confuse voters. It shows a different hand in the shadows, a hand of calculating strategies and unmitigated greed for total power, working at and paying for South Africa to become a failed state, another Brazil.
In addition, the ANC has been seriously infiltrated. A senior ANC NEC member explained on the condition of anonymity: “One of the reasons for fighting with certain senior leaders, including President Zuma, is those infiltrators know that he knows who they are. They are behind the corruption and now fear exposure. They never regarded the ANC as their political home and abstained from voting. In fact, they are not even rebels, nor politicians. They are simply anarchists, used to betray and attack the ANC from inside and outside.
"It has nothing to do with ideology. The name of the game is to destroy the ANC.”
Asking the obvious questions about the ANC and its future, many older and respected ANC NEC members seem concerned that by November 17, a widely connected network and its well-paid lobby would have worked hard to stop the ANC conference planned for December.
* Froese is a non-institutionalised, independent political- and socio-economic analyst and published columnist, based in Johannesburg.
** The views expressed here are not necessarily those of Independent Media.
The Sunday Independent