Regardless of the biased Africa-China relations reports, Africa’s relationship with China remains marginal compared with Africa’s relationship with developed countries. The main reasons behind Beijing’s perceived increased involvement in Africa are the dogmatic beliefs in the post-cold war period that Africa’s embrace of liberal democracy leads to development.
Despite the massive injection of resources to promote democracy in Africa by Western countries, there are disappointing returns on investments. The promotion of liberal democracy without tangible developmental support for Africa such as favourable access to markets, trade, development of physical infrastructure, access to capital and education have forced the continent to seek alternative partners. Thus, China’s popularity in Africa comes from developed countries’ neglect of the continent.
Western countries engage Africa for different reasons. Europe’s focus is mainly motivated by the need to halt African migrants into the EU.
And the US has a president with even less respect for Africa and its people. Its main objective is to limit China and Russia’s diplomatic and economic investments in Africa.