US Army Sergeant Bowe Berghdal is seen in this handout image. Picture: US Army, via Reuters

Washington - The American soldier released in a controversial swap with Afghan insurgents arrived back in the United States on Friday, the Pentagon said.

Sergeant Bowe Bergdahl arrived on a flight from Germany to San Antonio, Texas, where he will continue treatment at Brooke Army Medical Centre after spending five years as a prisoner in Afghanistan, the Defence Department said on its website.

Bergdahl was handed over on May 31 in return for five Taliban detainees at Guantanamo Bay prison.

The US Army sergeant had been recuperating at the Landstuhl Regional Medical Centre in Germany, amid growing debate over the swap that secured his freedom, with some US lawmakers accusing President Barack Obama of capitulating to “terrorists”.

The Pentagon said that in Texas the soldier will “continue the next phase of his reintegration process”.

“There is no timeline for this process.” - AFP