African free-trade deal: Coronavirus unlikely to scupper July 1 target
Cross-border travel bans by some governments, as well as restrictions imposed by companies on their employees, have led to conferences being cancelled. The Africa CEO Forum, which was scheduled for this week in Abidjan, Ivory Coast, was postponed at short notice due to the virus outbreak.
“I don't think anybody would have anticipated that the virus would be so disruptive to the entire global economy,” Wamkele Mene, the secretary-general of the African Continental Free Trade Area, said by phone. He was due to attend the forum in Abidjan.
The virus “is a big issue to take into consideration”, Mene said. “But, you know, I think we will have to find a way. We're going to have to find a way.”
The 43-year-old South African has the gargantuan task of getting 54 countries to agree on trade issues. He will move to Ghana, the secretariat or permanent office of the trade zone, at the end of the month officially to start work on April 1. Other aspects of the job are assisting member states to implement the agreement and establishing a dispute-settlement mechanism.
If it wasn't for the virus and the ensuing travel restrictions, discussions around trade concessions and rules of origin may have advanced further already and could have been concluded by May. That’s when South Africa is scheduled to host an extraordinary AU summit to finalise the agreement.
“The rules of origin are 90percent ready,” Mene said. Rules on vehicles, sugar and cotton haven't yet been agreed and are still subject to talks.
Legally, the agreement is already in force but to make the July 1 deadline for the start of trade in goods and services under the new tariff rules, these details need to be rubber-stamped before the May summit as part of phase one of the process.
Although the July 1 deadline is important, if countries are unable to trade under the new tariffs by then, there's room for discussion for them to retroactively apply the preferences and reimburse traders, he said.Bloomberg