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This week is International Fraud Awareness Week. The South African Banking Risk Information Centre reported a spike in fraud incidents in 2018, with almost 23500 cases across banking apps, online banking and mobile banking amounting to R262.8 million in gross losses.

Historically, the vast majority of complaints received by the Ombudsman for Banking Services were the result of ATM issues. In recent years, however, online-related complaints were the main headache - with phishing the major underlying cause.

With phishing, fraudsters impersonate a bank via email and entice the customer to click on links that redirect them to a fraudulent banking site, duping them into sharing their details and robbing them, says Cowyk Fox, the managing executive for Everyday Banking at Absa Retail and Business Bank. With vishing, fraudsters call the customer claiming to be from their bank and ask for account and login details to urgently “stop” a fictitious transaction.

Phishing and vishing are examples of social engineering - the act of manipulating customers into sharing their personal information.

Since fraud is constantly evolving, it is not possible to provide hard and fast rules as a guarantee against fraud. However, there are steps customers can take to protect themselves:

* Do not use an emailed link to access your bank’s online portal, even if it seems legitimate. Always type the relevant URL directly into the internet browser.

* Check that the browser link starts with “https”, which indicates that the website allows secure communication through encryption.

* Install the latest version of your bank’s app.

* Do not provide your “keys to the safe” (card PIN, card CVV, card One Time PIN, online banking PIN or online banking password) to anyone. Your bank will never ask you to confirm your confidential information over the phone.

* If you do have access to a loved one’s PIN or password (which you should not have), never share this via text message or WhatsApp. Their phone may have been stolen and you may unwittingly offer their “keys to the safe” to a criminal.

* Don’t approve any requests on your phone or via the app if you haven’t been transacting yourself.

* Register for your bank’s transaction notification service to ensure you know what is happening on your account.

* Add your bank’s fraud hotline number to your contacts so you have it available if you need to report fraud or call the bank if you receive suspicious calls. If you receive a suspicious call purporting to be from your bank, end the call and phone the bank yourself.

* Turn off your wi-fi when banking on a public network - it is unsafe.

* If you think your banking profile might have been compromised, report it immediately.

* Choose strong, unique passwords and update them regularly. 

PERSONAL FINANCE