Living debt free is a dream many of us to strive for, but the reality is that very few of us earn enough money to buy life’s important assets such as a home, car or university education with cash savings.
Secondly, even if you could live debt-free, it might not be the savviest financial choice to dig into your life savings and leave yourself without any financial backstop in an emergency, or cash to invest for your retirement.
“Most of us are raised to believe that all debt is bad, but this is not necessarily true. It all comes down to whether or not the debt you are incurring is good debt or bad debt, and there is a very distinct difference between the two,” explains Nkazi Sokhulu, chief executive and co-founder of Yalu.
“Good debt is used to generate long-term value that provides you with an asset at the end of your loan term and increases your net worth, in other words it has some investment value.
Think of a bond used to purchase a home, with low interest rates and as long as you bought wisely, your property should grow in value so that at the end of the loan, you have a tangible asset with a monetary value that outpaced what you originally paid for it, including the interest on the loan.
A student loan is another example – getting a tertiary education is likely to secure you a higher future income as a skilled individual.
If you’re in a position to obtain part-time work while studying, make a point of paying off as much as you can afford on your student loan each month.
That way by the time you start your professional career, your loan could already be paid off, or at a minimal balance – which is a huge head start in life,” explains Nkazi.
A car is an asset that most people cannot afford to purchase without vehicle finance.
“Although a car is a depreciating asset and the interest rates on the loan are typically higher, it’s essential for most people to get to work and transport their families around, given the parlous state of public transport in South Africa. The best thing you can do is to pay in extra every month over and above your instalment to reduce your outstanding balance as quickly as possible and save on high interesting bearing monthly payments,” adds Nkazi.
Bad debt typically has high interest rates and is usually incurred to fulfill a want rather than a real need, and does not leave you in a better financial position.
Good or bad, too much debt of any kind can leave you trapped in a financial crisis.
If you are considering taking on any type of debt, do a thorough financial assessment and make sure that you can afford the repayments and the costs that come with the credit finance.
Pay special attention to the terms of the loan, and any special conditions, the interest rate and the cost of credit life insurance which most loan providers make mandatory as a condition of the loan.
“Make sure that as much of your instalment is going towards paying off your loan amount rather than funding overpriced credit life insurance.
Credit life insurance provides the security for your debt should you become unable to service your loan repayments due to death, disability or retrenchment.
Credit life insurance will pay the total remaining balance of the loan in the event of death or permanent disability, or it pays monthly loan Instalments in the event of temporary disability or retrenchment – the number of months covered varies from provider to provider, but the legal requirement is 12 months.
What you may not know is that you are not obliged to take this insurance cover with the loan provider and that there are more affordable options with better benefits available. Even on an existing loan, you can switch your credit life insurance to a provider that offers better rates and benefits, without any repercussions for your loan as long as there is no break in cover,” explains Nkazi.
Make sure that you understand the financial implications of any debt you plan on taking on, and always ask yourself whether incurring the debt will improve your financial future. If the answer is no, then you’re better off without it.