The agency also reported that the volume of cyber-attacks from China had seemingly dwindled as acquisitions of German hi-tech companies by Chinese firms had risen.
The report, released yesterday by the domestic intelligence service (BfV), said numbers of cyber attacks with a likely origin in Iran had been rising since 2014, with a sharp increase last year.
The report highlighted cyber-attacks by Iran, Russia and China. Seehofer said the agency needed to acquire the power not just to track and clean up cyber-attacks but also to launch counter-measures.
BfV chief Hans-Georg Maassen said the agency was also looking at the implications of Chinese acquisitions surging even as cyber-attack volumes fell. “Getting a footing in the German market is not something for us to look at, but we do look if we have the impression that behind the possible buyers there’s a foreign state that has political aims."
Attacks from Iran come at a particularly sensitive time for Germany, battling to preserve the 2015 nuclear accord with Iran, from which the US has withdrawn. Germany is vocal with its concerns about Iran’s missile development activities, its backing for militant groups in regional conflicts, and spying activities.
In January, the foreign ministry summoned Iran’s ambassador to reprimand Tehran for spying on individuals and groups with close ties to Israel, calling such acts an unacceptable breach of German law.
The new intelligence report said cyber attacks believed to be backed by Iran were mainly aimed at the German government, dissidents, human rights organisations, research centres and aerospace, defence and petrochemical industries.
“The observed cyber campaigns are developing such efficacy that the operations initiated and guided by intelligence agencies to gain information could pose a danger to German companies and research institutions,” the report said.
Russia, China and Iran constituted the biggest cyber and espionage threats to Germany, but India and Vietnam, and even some Western states, were also active.
Moscow continued to expend significant organisational and financial resources to target German political, economic, academic and technical targets, as well the military, through espionage and cyber activities, the report said. Russian intelligence agencies continued their efforts to affect public opinion in Germany through propaganda and those were likely to continue even after the 2017 German elections.
“Such disinformation and propaganda campaigns are meant to destabilise the German government and weaken its position as a proponent of extending (European Union) sanctions against Russia." - Reuters