But the Science and Technology Department cannot, on its own, achieve this. It is vital business, labour, academia and government - become involved.
We also need to ask whether the national system of innovation responds adequately to the future - whether all the institutions are still relevant; optimally configured and whether we need to create new institutions.
There have been a strong increase in publications, significant growth in the participation of black people and women in the research and development workforce, and a rise in doctoral graduation rates. However, black women and men still make up less than 5% and 20% of academics. A lot of work still needs to be done.
The question arises: what must be done to ensure that innovation becomes more inclusive at all levels? It is not only limited to human capacity. It straddles the field of human knowledge and the inclusion of alternative knowledge systems. The dominant culture makes the basic assumption that every question can be attained only through a particular method, and that anything discovered outside this method is false and backward.