Entrepreneurship is a growing movement in South Africa as people not only battle the unemployment crisis, but seek greater work-life balance.
And while many of these business ventures are able to operate online, and therefore do not need physical offices or stores, there are a lot that do.
The question that then arises is whether you, as a business owner, should buy or rent your work premises.
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This decision, says Andiswa Bata, co-head of SME at FNB, will depend on several factors, including the life stage of your business, your plans, your financial stability, and the property cycle.
“Before you start weighing up the pros and cons of renting versus buying a property, it may be useful to delve into a few questions first,” she recommends.
- Do you want to look in a strategic location?
- What are you currently paying in rent? And would you be saving by buying the property?
Bata says you need to be mindful that your current monthly rental cost may include certain items which you would have to pay for if you owned the building yourself – for example, municipal rates or even insurance to cater for eventualities like a roof leak.
“Renting means you are constrained in terms of renovations that could be done to make the premises more fit for your business purpose. If you owned the property, would you then have the opportunity to develop a space that delivers greater profitability?”
- Do you need all that space initially? Could there be an opportunity for you to become a landlord to other entrepreneurs and rent out spare space that you don’t need immediately?
- Do you need a tax cushion? Some property expenses including interest on loan repayments are tax-deductible.
Answering these basic questions gives you a great starting point before you begin evaluating the choice between renting and buying, says Malusi Mthuli, KZN provincial head at FNB Commercial Property Finance. He and Bata unpack some other major considerations to include:
1. Upfront costs
While buying a business premise will carry higher upfront costs, the benefit is that your business will own a long-term asset, he says.
“Remember that you will most likely need to finance the purchase, which will impact the profitability of your business and could impact on your ability to invest in new projects or equipment. If you choose to rent, on the other hand, the upfront costs are lower but you are ultimately paying someone else’s bond.
“You may choose to rent if your business is just starting out, so that you can keep costs low while you build up your capital. However, if the difference between the rental cost and the potential loan repayment is minimal, you may consider buying and incurring the upfront costs.”
Capital growth of the property, Mthuli says, will likely exceed the upfront costs and strengthen your balance sheet over time.
2. Ongoing costs
Remember that not all properties are equal, and if you are buying a business property, you need to evaluate the potential costs of maintenance and refurbishment.
“Considering the anticipated electricity tariff increases, it may be worthwhile to view the property with an eye to suitability for generators and/or solar panels as a source of alternative energy.”
3. Is the property the right size for your business?
If you are still establishing your business or have major growth plans, it may be premature to buy a property now. You don’t want to invest in buying a business premise only to have your business outgrow it within a few years.
“In such instances, Bata notes, it may be more prudent to rent so that you are able to relocate quickly if you need to.
“You may need more or less space, your suppliers or clients may change locations, or you could find a more suitable property. On the other hand, you can find business premises with potential for further development.”
For the sake of business continuity, she says buying a property ensures that your business will not be disrupted by unnecessary relocations due to lease expiry or its profitability eroded by exorbitant rental increases.
4. Location considerations
If the property you are considering is in what you think is a winning business location, you may prefer to buy so that you can be assured that you are not going to lose it due to unaffordable rent escalation or because the landlord wants to use the property for something else.
“Talk to qualified property valuers about property values in the area. If the commercial area is booming, purchasing the business premise may pay off in the long-term while also helping you avoid pricey rental escalations,” Bata says, adding: “You could compromise by asking the landlord to include a purchase option in your rental agreement. This means you will have first option to buy the property if the landlord ever chooses to sell. However, be sure to specify an option price or range and circumstances under which you could exercise your option to buy.”
However, you would need to consult a lawyer to give you advice should you consider a rent-to-buy opportunity due to complexities associated with these agreements.