ST PETERSBURG: The UN cultural organisation, Unesco, has listed the entire town of Timbuktu in Mali as endangered world heritage because of ongoing violence in the region.

Unesco said the decision to place both the town and the nearby Tomb of Askia on its List of World Heritage in Danger “aims to raise co-operation and support for the sites threatened by the armed conflict in the region”.

The world’s main watchdog over the safety of some of history’s greatest treasures and most threatened cultural exhibits designated the iconic town – once a trading spot and hub of scholarly studies – a heritage site in 1988.

The Tomb of Askia is a towering pyramidal structure erected out of mud more than 500 years ago to commemorate the burial site of a famous emperor.

The tomb is in Gao, a town that has been controlled in recent weeks by Islamist gunmen who represent an offshoot of al-Qaeda and by Tuareg rebels.

Unesco’s World Heritage Committee said during its meeting in the Russian city of St Petersburg that both sites were in danger of being looted.

It called on Mali’s neighbours “to do all in their power to prevent the trafficking in cultural objects from these sites” and encouraged stronger co-operation in the region.

“There is concern that such objects, notably important ancient manuscripts, may be looted and smuggled abroad by unscrupulous dealers,” Unesco said in a statement. – Sapa-AFP