The research, conducted in eight communities across South Africa, also found that mining-affected communities were faced with deteriorating health and well-being.
The research, to be launched early next month, was conducted by ActionAid SA (AASA).
“(The) research completely de-bunked claims by the Minister (of Mineral Resources, Gwede Mantashe) that mining will bring jobs and development to communities such as Xolobeni (near Bizana, in the Eastern Cape),” the study found.
In November last year, the high court in Pretoria ruled in favour of the Xolobeni community in a historic mining court case. The community has been fighting the matter for nearly two decades.