The most common and serious form. The disease might affect several body systems which is why it’s called “systemic”. It’s also known as the “great imitator” because it mimics other illnesses. Lupus can affect the skin (skin lesions and painful nodules that appear as raised bruises), joints (fingers, hands, wrists and knees), kidneys, lungs, heart and the central nervous system.
SLE symptoms come and go and vary in severity. Some sufferers develop a rash over the cheeks and across the bridge of nose in a butterfly shape.
2. Discoid lupus erythematosus (DLE)
The most common form of chronic (long-term) cutaneous lupus erythematosus, mainly presents itself as a dermatological disease that is noticeable from hyperpigmentation. Exposure to the sun might trigger DLE thus making patients photosensitive. The rash may be red, flat or raised, and can appear scaly.