A pool deck and water slides are seen aboard the Genting Hong Kong Genting Dream cruise ship berthed in Singapore, on Nov. 16, 2017. Picture: Ore Huiying/ Bloomberg.

A lot can happen in a year- but 2017 was particularly eventful when it came to how we travel the world. Here are six significant ways the world changed for globetrotters in the last 12 months.

Mother Nature rewrote the travel map: Three hurricanes of extraordinary strength crashed into Texas, Florida, the Caribbean, and Puerto Rico this year; the effects of Harvey, Irma, and Maria continue in nearly every place that they were felt. Parts of the Caribbean have been written off the tourist map until at least late 2018, including St. Barth (the island's villas are back online, but hotels will need the year to rebuild) and the U.S. Virgin Islands; the British Virgin Islands and Puerto Rico are showing slightly quicker signs of recovery. The natural disasters have set travelers on hunts for new places to cure their winter doldrums, including New Zealand, Bermuda, and Mexico's Los Cabos.

Airlines stooped to new lows-and hit new highs: Travelers in the back of the plane were subject to several new kinds of torture in 2017. Passengers got physically assaulted or dragged off planes in a series of nightmarish incidents that catapulted "airline spokesperson" to one of the most-unenviable jobs of the year. It wasn't just the inhumane in-flight brawls that raised eyebrows: In July, United Airines Inc. announced plans to resell fliers' seats to other people for more money. Then in September, Jet Blue Airways Corp. decided to shrink its seats after years of prioritising a customer-first philosophy. And last month, British Airways announced a new policy whereby those who pay the least for their tickets also get to board last. All this, while Qatar Airways Co. and Emirates Airline defied luxury aviation standards with their upgraded premium cabin configurations.

Cruising grew up (and got younger): If you still think of oceangoing ships as a gathering place for the retired set, you've been living under a rock (far from the beach). This year, cruise companies made a concerted effort to attract younger travelers, with expedition-class ships sailing to uncharted Arctic territories and facilitating high-octane thrills around the world. For some companies, that meant offering bike tours of classic European destinations; for others, it meant open-water kayaking off the coast of Alaska. Cruise ships have became more innovative in their dining and entertainment concepts, swapping tired revue shows for original (sometimes interactive) productions.

Unplugging took on new importance: With the volume of breaking news reaching what felt like an all-time high, travelers looked to get far, far away from it all in 2017. The destinations on travel agents' lips earned stood out for their seclusion-Antarctica, the Maldives-and unplugged experiences in the great outdoors (Nepal, South Africa). Around the world, mental well-being and holistic wellness took precedence over massages or facials, with companies from Four Seasons Hotels Ltd. to Seabourn Cruise Line launching programs on mindfulness and meditation. Social media analysts at Local Measure, a consumer insights firm, say that travelers referenced "detoxing" more than twice as often in 2017 as they did in 2016.

The effects of over-tourism were felt around the world: A word that should have been added to the dictionary this year? "Overtourism." In destinations that ranged from Venice to Peru, local governments confronted the fact that tourism is an important economic engine, but too much of it becomes destructive. In Ibiza, the municipality of San Jose banned DJs from 16 beach clubs and started regulating the number of hotels and Airbnb listings available at any given time, in a pivot away from the island's up-all-night reputation. In Dubrovnik, Croatia, legislation capped visitors to the medieval walled city at 4,000 per day, creating a bit of much-needed elbow room. And in Peru, long-rumored limits on daily entries to Machu Picchu finally took off in a play to protect the historic site from the effects of excessive foot traffic. All this is good news, and not just for destinations at risk of being ruined. It means that in these fragile places, tourism will develop with a closer eye on sustainability-and some overlooked places will get the turn in the spotlight they've always deserved.

Source: The Washington Post.