Welcome to the isle of vice that gave birth to British rock
London - The first time the Rolling Stones played Eel Pie Island, legend has it there were just 12 people in the audience, one of whom had overindulged in Newcastle Brown Ale and fallen sound asleep.
By the time they had finished their weekly residency five months later, they had a record deal, a full-time manager, a small army of fans and a reputation as Britain’s hottest band.
When Rod Stewart first went to the island, he was a penniless 19-year-old who worked at London’s Highgate Cemetery by day and busked at Tube stations by night.
Within a fortnight he was a full-time singer, touring the UK, with a wardrobe of three-piece suits and a growing collection of besotted female groupies.
View this post on Instagram
Eel Pie Island, Twickenham. February 2016. Legendary home to the Eel Pie Island Hotel which in the 1950's and 60's hosted 100's of performances by British Jazz greats like Monty Sunshines Jazz Band and Acker Bilk and later the Yardbirds, the Rolling Stones , The Who , Eric Clapton , Jeff Beck, Jimmy Page, Rod Stewart, David Bowie , Pink Floyd and many more. Charles Dickens even described the hotel in the 1800's as "a place to dance to the sound of the locomotive band." The hotel eventually burned down in 1971.
A post shared by Alex (@aspreyimages) on
Meanwhile, 16-year-old Eric Clapton was so poor, he would swim across the Thames to avoid paying the twopenny fee to cross the bridge from Twickenham to Eel Pie lsland.
"We’d put our clothes on top of our heads, swim across the river and get to the other side with our trousers all wet," recalls his wingman Dave Brock.
Brock went on to find fame as the frontman of psychedelic rock act Hawkwind, while Clapton secured a job playing guitar for the Yardbirds, then John Mayall & the Bluesbreakers.
The venue where these - and many other - future pop legends gained their big break was on the ground floor of an imposing but rather tumbledown three-storey building called the Eel Pie Island Hotel.
Built as a riverside resort for wealthy Victorians on the little nine-acre island in the middle of the Thames, by the mid-1950s it had fallen into disrepair.
Then, over the course of an extraordinary 15 years, its tatty ballroom became one of the best live music venues in Europe.
The widely forgotten story of how it shaped the careers of everyone from the Kinks to Elton John, David Bowie and Pink Floyd is the subject of a new BBC Four documentary film called Rock ’*’ Roll Island, now available on iPlayer.
It tells how the hotel became a talent factory and influenced a whole generation.
Like the Cavern Club in Liverpool or the Hacienda in Manchester a few decades later, it was at the centre of a cultural revolution. And like many chapters in rock ’*’ roll history, its story is one of sex, drugs and excess.
The jazz musician George Melly once said that in its heyday "you could see sex rising from Eel Pie Island like steam from a kettle".
Martin Turner, of the rock band Wishbone Ash, recalls that "the minute you walked in the door, the waft of marijuana immediately hit you . . . you could not be smoking anything and just get stoned being in the room".
Little wonder that the venue was regarded as every parent’s worst nightmare.
One outraged local newspaper, whose reporter visited the island undercover, dubbed it "a beatnik-infested vice den".
In 1956, a prosperous antique dealer with bohemian tastes, Arthur Chisnall, bought the hotel and hired jazz acts (many from the US) to entertain young punters in the ballroom that had been used for tea dances in the 1920s.
A prominent philanthropist, Chisnall thought the venue might attract local teenagers who were in danger of going off the rails. He would offer them support and advice on education before letting them listen to visiting bands.
View this post on Instagram
Cute new museum on the history of Eel pie island opened opposite council offices. Mistresses of local businessmen used to live there, Mick jagger played there and we chuck bread to the seagulls there. On a ley line. #leyline #riverthames #eelpieislandhotel #eelpieislandmuseum hotel #twickenham #music #music history #rocknrollers #island #music industry #musicians #rebellious #hotel #history #explore #museum #dancing #dancers
A post shared by Tricia de Courcy Ling (@triciadecourcyling) on
Young people had other ideas. When a bridge was built linking the island to Twickenham in 1957, it was easy to visit. And with precious few other venues where young people could dance, drink and kiss without attracting opprobrium, it was soon a huge success.
In June 1961, on the club’s fifth birthday, Chisnall was interviewed by the News of the World and made the following startling claim: "This place started as a jazz club.
"Now it is one of the biggest political discussion centres in this part of Greater London. There are 8,386 members. The bands only play at weekends. During the week the members jam the bar . . . while discussing all sorts of serious topics."
Perhaps inevitably, the sexual licentiousness, and the noise, began to attract opprobrium from locals. In 1967 the council revoked the venue’s licence, citing the rotting dancefloor as a hazard.
It reopened the following year under new ownership, as Colonel Barefoot’s Rock Garden. In keeping with wider musical trends, the blues, R&B and rock bands who had played in earlier times were replaced by a generation of heavier acts such as Black Sabbath.
Eventually, squatters and anarchists took up residence in the hotel. By 1970, hundreds were living there, though it continued to host acts including Pink Floyd and David Bowie.
In a memoir called Eel Pie Dharma, one resident, poet Chris Faiers, told how he lived among "200 dossers, hippies, runaway schoolkids, drug dealers, petty thieves, heroin addicts, artists, poets, bikers, American hippy tourists, au pair girls and Zen philosophers from all over the world" who consumed vast quantities of LSD and opened a sex room for orgies.
Over time, windows were smashed, the ground floor flooded and doors were removed.
In 1971, in a mysterious fire, the Eel Pie Island Hotel burnt to the ground. Today the site is a block of luxury flats which sell for an average of £1.2-million each.Daily Mail