New York - The Dow and the S&P 500 ended slightly lower on Tuesday after rising bond yields increased debate over how soon the Federal Reserve would start trimming its stimulus programme.
Fed officials offered diverging views, adding to the uncertainty about the outlook for the Fed's easy-money policies.
The day's decline followed two days of record high closes for the Dow Jones industrial average. Tuesday's retreat was led by the S&P 500's financial, energy and utility sectors. A 2.2 percent drop in US oil futures prices hurt energy names like Chevron, which slid 0.9 percent to $120.
Driving the market “has been worries over the timing of the taper”, said Quincy Krosby, market strategist with Prudential Financial, which is based in Newark, New Jersey.
She said investors are watching 10-year US Treasury note yields, which have moved higher as speculation increases that the Fed could move sooner rather than later.
“You have had various Federal Reserve officials speaking, and the message seems to be the discussion of the taper has begun.”
During the session, bond yields hit their highest level since mid-September, though that level is still lower than a month ago.
The Dow Jones industrial average slipped 32.43 points, or 0.21 percent, to end at 15,750.67. The Standard & Poor's 500 Index dropped 4.20 points, or 0.24 percent, to finish at 1,767.69. The Nasdaq Composite Index eked out a tiny gain of just 0.13 of a point to close at 3,919.92.
Volume was lighter than usual for a second day, totalling about 5.8 billion shares traded on the New York Stock Exchange, the Nasdaq and the NYSE MKT, below the five-day average closing volume of about 6.4 billion, according to BATS exchange data.
Some market watchers have begun to speculate that the Fed could begin to scale back on stimulus as early as December after the Labor Department said on Friday that the US economy created 204 000 jobs in October.
On Tuesday, Minneapolis Fed Bank President Narayana Kocherlakota and Atlanta Fed President Dennis Lockhart said monetary policy should remain accommodative. Neither is a voting member of the Fed's policy-setting committee.
In contrast, Dallas Fed President Richard Fisher told CNBC that the Fed's programme of buying $85-billion in bonds every month to stimulate the economy cannot continue forever.
But the key Fed comments this week may come during a Senate Banking Committee confirmation hearing for Fed Vice-Chair Janet Yellen, who has been nominated to succeed Ben Bernanke as Fed chairman. Yellen has been a big supporter of the Fed's current policies.
Among the day's more volatile stocks, US Airways Group gained 1.1. percent to close at $23.52, reversing earlier losses. The company and American Airlines agreed to give up landing spots and gates to low-cost carriers at several US airports to win US antitrust approval for their proposed merger.
Stocks of several low-cost carriers rose. JetBlue Airways jumped 6.1 percent to $8.16 and Southwest Airlines rose 1.2 percent to $18.03.
Sarepta Therapeutics was one of the day's biggest losers, plunging 64 percent to $13.16 after the US Food and Drug Administration said the company's drug to treat a rare muscle disorder needed further testing. It was one of the Nasdaq's most active stocks.
In the utility sector, shares of NRG Energy fell 3.5 percent to $27.06 and ranked among the S&P 500's biggest percentage decliners after the power company reported results and adjusted its earnings outlook.
Dish Network posted quarterly results that beat Wall Street's estimates. The company said it added 35 000 pay-TV subscribers, far exceeding expectations. The stock rose 6 percent to $50.35.
Among other results, shares of homebuilder D.R. Horton jumped 4.7 percent to $18.91, making the stock the S&P 500's biggest percentage gainer, after the company said home sales picked up in October.
Shares of News Corp fell 1.5 percent to $17.15, a day after it reported a steeper-than-expected decline of 3 percent in revenue.
Macy's shares slid 1.6 percent to $46.33 while shares of Cisco Systems gained 1.2 percent to $23.73. Both are scheduled to report results on Wednesday, with Macy's numbers due before the opening bell and Cisco's earnings expected after the close.
Shares of Starbucks slid after the bell, declining 1.4 percent to $79.50. The company said late Tuesday that an arbitrator has concluded that it must pay Kraft Foods Group $2.23 billion in damages after the coffee chain's early termination of the companies' grocery deal. Shares of Kraft gained 0.6 percent to $52.25 after the bell.
Decliners outnumbered advancers on the NYSE by a ratio of 19 to 11, while on the Nasdaq, 14 stocks fell for every 11 that rose. - Reuters