New York - In the couple of hours it took an official from the ALS Association to return a reporter's call for comment, the group's ubiquitous “ice bucket challenge” had brought in a few million more dollars.
Approaching $100-million, the viral fundraising campaign for the ailment also known as Lou Gehrig's Disease has put the ALS group into the top ranks for medical charity donations. Since the end of July, the money has been sloshing in at a rate of about $9-million a week. Last year, from July 29 to Aug. 26, the group raised just $2.6-million.
It's caught everyone off-guard, none more so than the ALS Association folks. But they know this is likely a one-off phenomenon, and the group now faces the task of spending all that money wisely. Research, care and advocacy are the group's three main missions - but officials say they don't know yet exactly how they'll use the astonishing windfall.
“I think even if I or any PR person at either a non-profit or a for-profit company had all of the PR dollars in the world to invest, no one would have come up with this idea,” says Carrie Munk, the association's spokeswoman. “We realise there are responsibilities that come with being good stewards of these dollars.”
Part of what's surprising is that ALS - or amyotrophic lateral sclerosis - is one of those “small” diseases. It is a neurodegenerative disease that causes paralysis and death, and the association estimates that about 5 600 new cases are diagnosed in the US each year.
This campaign hasn't exactly put the charity in the same neighbourhood as giants like the American Cancer Society or the American Heart Association- which raised $889-million and $529-million last year, respectively. But it's moving up quickly.
The basic rules of the ice bucket challenge are: Someone issues a challenge - that you allow yourself to be doused with a bucket of ice and water, like American coaches who win big games. Then, the challengee has 24 hours to make a $100 (about R1 000) donation to the ALS Association or submit to the water torture. Or do both. And then you challenge someone else.
In the last month, everyone from Microsoft co-founder Bill Gates to former President George Bush has been doused. The Internet and airwaves are awash in videos of people taking the challenge.
Jonah Berger, author of the book Contagious: Why Things Catch On, says it's like a modern-day chain letter - except, in this case, everyone will know if you break the chain.
“It has a lot of the key ingredients that often make people want to share things,” says Berger, a marketing professor at the University of Pennsylvania's Wharton School. “It gives people lots of social currency to be part of it. It makes you look good. It makes you look smart and in the know; you know what's going on. And it's always hard to back down from a challenge.”
And now others are co-opting the bucket challenge for their own causes.
Actor Matt Damon, for instance, dumped toilet water over his head to call attention to his passion - safe drinking water. Actor Orlando Jones of the television series Sleepy Hollow showered himself with bullets in the wake of black teenager Michael Brown's shooting death by a white police officer in Ferguson, Missouri.
“I'm challenging myself to listen without prejudice, to love without limits and to reverse the hate,” he said. “So that's my challenge - to me. And, hopefully, you'll accept this challenge, too.”
But the success for ALS is the kind of thing you can't really replicate - even if you did it first.
In late June, about a month before the ice bucket challenge exploded, University of Arizona woman's basketball coach Niya Butts took the “cold water challenge.” After being doused with a huge plastic cooler, Butts gave her coaching rivals 48 hours to do the same or donate $250 to the Kay Yow Cancer Fund - named for the college coach who succumbed to the disease in 2009. That challenge - #Chillin4Charity - has raised only about $75 000 so far.
“We didn't raise millions,” Butts told The Associated Press on Wednesday. “But we raised awareness of millions.”
The campaign has had more than 80 000 tweets, 100 000 retweets more than 215 million Twitter reaches, said Susan Donohoe, the Yow fund's executive director.
The Chronicle of Philanthropy says the ALS Association has, in this short period of time, raised more than many of the charities included on its Philanthropy 400 list.
The American Institute of Philanthropy's CharityWatch gave the group a B+ rating for spending about 73 percent of their cash budget on programs.
Dr. Richard Bedlack, who runs the ALS clinic at the Duke Institute for Brain Sciences in Durham, North Carolina, knows how he would allocate the money. While the temptation might be to plow it all into the search for a cure, he says the biggest strides have been made in patient care and quality of life, and that would be his No. 1 priority.
“The chances of one of these research studies really finding meaningful disease-modifying therapy is very small,” he says. “We're shooting in the dark. So, of course we've got to keep trying. But the bottom line is we've got to understand this disease better before we're going to be able to fix it in most people.”
Allen G. Breed is a national writer, based in Raleigh, North Carolina. He can be reached at features(at)ap.org. Follow him on Twitter at https://twitter.com/AllenGBreed.
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