Johannesburg - Two Zambian men charged with having consensual gay sex were acquitted in a high-profile case Thursday.
Here are some facts about homosexuality and the law in Africa:
Homosexuality is illegal in 38 African countries, including Zambia, according to Amnesty International, with punishment ranging from short jail sentences to the death penalty.
In Mauritania and Sudan homosexuality is an offence punishable by death.
Nigeria displays of affection between homosexual couples in public are illegal and punishable by a maximum of 10 years imprisonment.
Under controversial new laws in Uganda same-sex relationships can be punished by up to 14 years imprisonment and a life sentence for multiple offences. The laws also prevent the support of gay rights by individuals, companies, media organisations and NGOs.
Since 2005, more than 50 arrests for same-sex conduct have been made in Cameroon, according to Amnesty. Suspects have often been detained and forced to submit to anal examinations.
In Zambia homosexual relations are punishable by jail terms of 15 years or more.
Alone in Africa, South Africa's constitution forbids discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation, apartheid and colonial-era laws prohibiting sodomy have been ruled unconstitutional and same-sex marriages are recognised.