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New Delhi - Chinese Premier Li Keqiang is seeking to build trust with India on his first foreign trip since taking office, which comes just a few weeks after a military stand-off between the Asian giants on their ill-defined border in the Himalayan mountains.
The number two in the Chinese leadership offered India a “handshake across the Himalayas” in an editorial published on Monday in The Hindu newspaper and said that together the emerging economic giants could become a new engine of the world economy.
China and India disagree about large areas on their 4 000km-long border and fought a brief but bloody war 50 years ago. There has not been a shooting incident in decades, but the long-running dispute gets in the way of improving economic relations between the world's two most populous nations.
The editorial was part of a media campaign apparently aimed at cooling Indian public anger against China following the three-week stand-off on a freezing Himalayan plateau that ended on May 3.
In an impromptu speech after an official welcome ceremony at India's colonial-era presidential palace on Monday, a relaxed-looking Li stood with India's Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and said he wanted to build trust and co-operation on his trip.
“World peace and regional stability cannot be a reality without strategic mutual trust between India and China. And likewise, the development and prosperity of the world cannot be a reality without the co-operation and simultaneous development of China and India,” he said.
The two leaders held closed-door talks on Sunday, shortly after Li arrived in the Indian capital.
Singh told Li that friction on the border could affect relations. He pressed his counterpart to do more to redress a trade imbalance that has left a $29-billion deficit with China at a time India is struggling with a record current account gap that has emerged as its main economic weak point.
The latest incident distracted diplomats' attention from negotiations on investment and trade ahead of Li's trip and soured Indian public opinion toward China.
Also raised in the meeting was the issue of the Dalai Lama, who China considers a separatist and who lives in exile in India.
India repeated its position that the Dalai Lama is a spiritual and religious leader, a senior Indian government official said. On Monday, a protester dodged tight security to unfurl a banner saying “Tibet will be free” in front of the hotel where Li is staying in Delhi.
Bilateral trade between the two countries touched $73-billion in 2011, making China India's largest trade partner, but slipped to $66-billion in 2012.
Singh told Li it was important to balance out trade as the two countries aim for $100-billion in bilateral trade by 2015.
“While we are committed to the $100-billion by 2015 we will have to have a more balanced rate,” said the senior government official, who was briefed about the restricted meeting.
India is pressing for greater access for its pharmaceuticals and IT services.
The official described the conversations as constructive and cordial. Earlier statements from Chinese officials have given some hope that India's gripes are being heard.
“China attaches great importance to the China-India trade deficit issue. We are willing to expand our market for India's products and provide facilitation,” deputy foreign minister Song Tao said last week.
Up from next to nothing in the 1990s, trade has been heavily skewed in favour of China. It exports power and telecoms equipment to its neighbour, which as one of the world's fastest growing major economies could offer brighter opportunities for business than the stagnant West.
Li said trade, an economic corridor and industrial loans would feature in the talks being held on Monday. A joint statement is due to be signed later in the day.
Prior to the visit, Li said he chose his first destination on the four-nation tour to show how important India is for China and also because he had fond memories of visiting as a Communist youth leader 27 years ago.
India's Economic Times newspaper said the Essar Group conglomerate would sign a financial agreement with China's China Development Bank and China's largest oil and gas producer PetroChina Company during the trip.
After India, Li is due to visit Pakistan, Switzerland and Germany and is likely to carry a message that China wants more open foreign relations and should not be seen as a threat.
“We stand ready to embrace the world with a more open mind and hope that the world will view China with a calm frame of mind,” he wrote in the editorial. - Reuters