Budget 2021: What SMEs need to effect urgent economic reform
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By Karl Westvig
JOHANNESBURG - This is no ordinary year and this week will be no ordinary Budget Speech.
Looking back on the Minister of Finance’s address last year, at the time we could have been fooled into thinking the worst had indeed passed. While we had entered into a technical recession, we had high hopes for economic growth, forecasting that we would expand by 0.9 percent and inflation would average 4.5 percent in 2020. But of course, we all know what actually transpired once the pandemic landed on local shores.
Twelve months later we find ourselves in a precarious situation. Our economy has contracted by 7 percent, we have lost many millions of jobs, countless sectors have imploded due to low demand and near-impossible operating conditions and plenty of small businesses have closed down. This is by no stretch, business as usual.
“As Minister Tito Mboweni tables his 2021 Budget, sustainable growth and job creation must be high on his agenda if we are going to make any attempt of getting out of this quagmire, back onto a road of economic recovery,” says Karl Westvig, Retail Capital chief executive.
Joined by leaders in the SME sector – Colin Timmis from Xero, Jonathan Smit from PayFast, Idan Jaan from Fundrr – Westvig believes the government must take heed of 10 essential steps to unlock the opportunities that SMEs can create. Here he unpacks these points and highlights how SMEs can create jobs, contribute to the tax base and play their part in rebuilding our economy after being ravaged by Covid-19. It is among our only options.
1. Non-banks another life-line
Small medium enterprises (SMEs) contribute roughly R1.5 trillion to our gross domestic product, yet the government puts a fraction of this back into the sector which doesn’t move the dial. More must be done to enable SMEs access to life-saving funding, and it starts by improving access to non-bank lenders. Link the funders and recipients in a more efficient way. Once funds are deployed, track them. Drive this by using technology and forgo manually uploading bank statements – this slows the entire process down.
2. Take a seat at the table
Beyond the big banks lies an ecosystem of key stakeholders who are heavily invested in SME stimulation and support. These role players – from lenders, payment service providers and cloud-based accounting and training platforms – must work with government to address a myriad of issues that SMEs face. Use their data and technology to help make evidence-based policy decisions and give them a seat at the table.
3. Billions unspent on millions of SMEs
Securing funding through access to the Department of Small Business loan scheme was massively under-whelming: Out of 30 000 applications, only a mere 1 497 secured finance, leaving billions on the table. Providing SME financial literacy on unlocking funding, and going-to-market is critical to future uptake. The government’s laborious manual process must become digitised to prevent bottlenecks; the intentions are good but the execution is not.
4. The Big Banks’ catch-22
The loan guarantee scheme was designed to help SMEs in distress, but the banks won’t fund distressed businesses – this is a fundamental catch-22 and is among reasons for its epic failure. What’s more, applicants can only apply for funding through their own bank. Not a third party. They need to put up personal surety, sign over their life and take on all the risk. Government must open up the playing field and work with alternative lenders that fund SMEs in the R50 000 to R10 million turnover range.
5. Take off the commercial hat
Just a handful of people in the government are trying to run a country of 60 million; the state cannot do everything on its own and must play to its strengths, and capacity. Undertake public-private partnerships with independent role players in the SME ecosystem that wear the commercial hat; government can then focus on the pressing social and political mandate.
6. Your 30 days is up
Cash flow is a serious impediment to SME sustainability and success. Government – and big business – must commit to paying suppliers within 30 days. While this has been on the table for decades, it remains an issue that stunts SME growth, job creation and tax contribution. We need less talk and more action.
7. Fast-track taxi regulation
The taxi industry brings R90bn into the economy but isn’t formalised and doesn’t pay tax beyond fuel levies. Regulating this sector will make a significant difference to tax collections, especially when we are sitting with a deficit in the billions.
8. Payments 2.0: from cash to card
Covid-19 triggered our need for contactless payments, and unlocked government’s opportunity of generating more revenue. Every informal vendor should be equipped with a card-based payment device, to cross the chasm from informal to formal, and effect tax collections.
9. Time to tech-up, Gov
If Covid-19 has taught us anything, it’s that we can digitise overnight. From offline to ecommerce, and cash to card, this shift has fast-tracked SMEs opportunities and propelled them into the future. Digitisation is the new normal and government must educate SMEs on how to make this critical transition by providing training on how to tech-up. Adopting it themselves will also go a long way. And lose the paper, it is 2021 after all.
10. Too little and too late?
While the TERS relief fund is back on the table, it is only going to provide a temporary relief for less than one month, and only to certain sectors. By the time the details are all ironed out, the new extension of March 15 could be mere weeks if not days away. The government needs to relook how this life-line is rolled out, to whom and for what period. Otherwise it’ll just be another great initiative that wasn’t.
“While the state and business must come together to address our economic malaise, we believe the real opportunity and hope lies with our SMEs. We all know small businesses have been earmarked to create 90 percent of all jobs by 2030 – this is just nine years away – but many are limping along, having suffered multiple Covid-19 casualties. Although a lot has been done to give our SMEs a leg up and a fighting chance, it is not nearly enough; our future really does rely on them,” said Westvig.
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