JOHANNESBURG - Corruption Watch, in its 2017 corruption report released today, documents the extent to which growing public pressure on corrupt people and systems has contributed to the significant changes in South Africa.
The report, titled The Time is Now, paints a picture of a more emboldened and vocal public, as evidenced by the 25% increase in the number of reports of corruption in 2017, and the range of interventions undertaken by the Corruption Watch team. It is also evident in the timeline that highlights the key political and economic events that took place in 2017.
David Lewis, executive director of Corruption Watch, commented: “2017 was a landmark year but it was only reached with great effort on the part of civil society and the media and an independent judiciary. Above all, it was achieved by an active and vigilant public. Corruption cannot be overcome without those who are willing to blow the whistle. They are the true heroes.”
Calling on the public to blow the whistle is the centrepiece of Corruption Watch’s model, Lewis said: “We call on the public to continue reporting corruption to us. We owe our democracy to the vigilance and tenacity of our people. Increased vigilance is the duty we continue to owe to our democracy.”
Since its launch in 2012, the organisation has received over 20 000 reports from the public citing corruption in various sectors, of which 5 334 were lodged during 2017. As in previous years, the majority of reports, 46%, originated from Gauteng, followed by KwaZulu-Natal with 13% and the Western Cape coming in third with 8% of the total. This is less a result of Gauteng being the most corrupt province, but rather due to its population, the largest in the country, and level of economic activity.
Out of the total number of reports, 30% point to corruption at a provincial government level, while 29% allege corruption in national government, and 22% at the local government level. Of the remainder, 9% were complaints in the private sector, and 10% unspecified. Most corruption tends to take place at the interface between the public and private sectors, and the most common form of corruption reported is bribery, which accounts for 27% of reports received in 2017. Embezzlement of funds featured in 13% of reports, followed by procurement irregularities.
Corruption in schools remained one of the hotspots of 2017, cornering 15% of the total, followed by reports of corruption in SAPS with 6%, traffic and licensing with 5% and health and housing both at 4% of the total.
The 2017 report also highlights the areas of work undertaken by Corruption Watch during 2017, and profiles key events in a separate timeline of activities. This includes landmark litigation outcomes, such as the Pretoria High Court judgment in response to an application brought by Corruption Watch, Freedom Under Law and CASAC. The judgment ruled that the settlement agreement that led to the removal of Mxolisi Nxasana was indeed unlawful and that the termination of his appointment was invalid and set aside. In addition, it confirmed that the subsequent appointment of Adv Shaun Abrahams as head of the National Prosecuting Authority was also invalid and therefore set aside.
Corruption Watch also made submissions to the parliamentary ad hoc committee on the funding of political parties at several points during the year, the outcome of which became apparent in 2018.
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